Objective To analyze the incidence and epidemiological characteristics of human rabies in Fujian Province from 2006 to 2018 and explore the pattern and trend of the incidence of human rabies for the improvement of prevention and control strategies.
Methods The descriptive study method was used to statistically analyze the data of rabies epidemic situation in Fujian Province from 2006 to 2018.
Results A total of 136 cases of rabies were reported in Fujian Province from 2006 to 2018, of which 63.97% (87 cases) were reported in 2006 and 2007. In 2006, the incidence rate was the highest (0.125/10 5), and then the rate decreased year by year. In 2018, the incidence rate was 0. The cases were mainly sporadic, and there were no outbreaks. The cases were distributed in 40 counties of 6 districts of the province and Pingtan Comprehensive Experimental Zone (no case in Xiamen, Putian and Zhangzhou), accounting for 45.45% (40/88) counties of the provinces. July and August were the peak season of the human rabies, and the number of reported cases accounts for 33.82% of the total. The cases were mainly farmers, students and children, accounting for 65.44% and 14.71% of the total respectively. The male-female ratio was 2.4:1. The the cases were mainly 40-<64 years old (50.0%) and the children under 15 years old (13.2%).
Conclusion In recent years, the incidence of human rabies in Fujian Province has remained at a low level, however it is still necessary to remain vigilant, strengthen health education and standardize the construction of canine bite wounds treatment clinics.
摘要： 目的 分析福建省2006—2018年人狂犬病发病情况和流行特征, 探讨其发病的规律和趋势, 为改进防控策 略提供依据。 方法 应用描述流行病学方法对福建省2006—2018年狂犬病疫情监测资料进行统计分析。 结果福建 省2006—2018 年共报告狂犬病136 例, 其中63.97% (87 例) 的病例在2006 和2007 年报告。2006 年发病率最高, 为 0.125 /10万, 随后逐年下降, 2018年发病率为0, 发病以散发为主, 无暴发疫情发生。病例分布在全省6个设区市及平潭 综合实验区 (厦门市、莆田市和漳州市无病例) 的40个县区, 占全省县区的45.45% (40/88) 。7—8月是发病的高峰季节, 报告病例数占总数的33.82%。病例以农民、学生和儿童为主, 分别占总数的65.44%和14.71%。男女性别比为2.4∶1, 病例年龄构成以40~<65岁年龄组 (50.0%) 和15岁以下儿童 (13.2%) 为主。 结论近年来, 福建省人狂犬病发病率维持 在低水平, 但仍需保持警惕, 加强健康教育, 规范犬伤处置门诊建设。