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      Reduced Erythrocyte Defense Mechanisms against Free Radical Toxicity in Patients with Chronic Renal Failure

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          Abstract

          In this study, activities of superoxide dismutase (SOD), glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px) and catalase (CAT) enzymes were determined in the erythrocytes from patients with chronic renal failure (CRF) and from healthy subjects. In the conservative drug management group and intermittent ambulatory peritoneal dialysis group, CAT activity was lower than in the control group. However, SOD and GSH-Px activities of these groups were not statistically different from the control values. In the continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis group and the hemodialysis group, SOD, GSH-Px and CAT activities were lower than control values. In the patient groups, correlation coefficients between the enzyme activities were also found to be different from the control values. Results suggested that enzymatic antioxidant defense mechanisms were suppressed in the erythrocytes from the patients with CRF, in particular in the erythrocytes from those who were under hemodialysis and continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis management. It is proposed that reduced antioxidant defense mechanisms in the erythrocytes is one of the important factors leading to peroxidation in the membrane lipid structure of the erythrocytes and thereby to hemolysis and anemia in the patients with CRF.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          NEF
          Nephron
          10.1159/issn.1660-8151
          Nephron
          S. Karger AG
          1660-8151
          2235-3186
          1994
          1994
          16 December 2008
          : 66
          : 1
          : 76-80
          Affiliations
          aDepartment of Biochemistry and bIbn-i Sina Hospital, Department of Nephrology, Medical Faculty, Ankara University, Ankara, Turkey
          Article
          187770 Nephron 1994;66:76–80
          10.1159/000187770
          8107958
          © 1994 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Pages: 5
          Categories
          Original Paper

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