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      Pagamento por serviços ambientais contribuindo para a saúde ambiental, uma análise em nível local Translated title: Payments for environmental services that contribute to environmental health, a local level analysis

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          Abstract

          O presente artigo tem como objetivo propor que os mecanismos de pagamentos por serviços ambientais sejam utilizados como uma contribuição para a melhoria da saúde ambiental, partindo do nível local e discutindo a relação entre as mudanças trazidas por esses mecanismos e a melhoria da saúde ambiental. O campo de estudo foi o município de Rio Grande da Serra (SP), com 100% de seu território em área de proteção de mananciais, com população em alta vulnerabilidade social e localizado na Região Metropolitana de São Paulo, Brasil. Foi conduzido em três fases: i) revisão da literatura; ii) coleta de dados; e iii) análise do conjunto. As informações relativas à saúde ambiental do município foram disponibilizadas por parte da prefeitura municipal de Rio Grande da Serra e coletadas junto à Cetesb, IBGE e Datasus, sendo posteriormente analisadas para a obtenção de um grupo de serviços ambientais com capacidade de contribuir para a melhoria da saúde ambiental em nível local. Concluiu-se que os serviços ambientais com maior capacidade de melhoria nessa área são a regulação climática, seguida por controle de erosão e retenção de sedimentos, aprovisionamento de água e benefícios culturais e recreacionais.

          Translated abstract

          This paper aims to propose that the mechanisms for Payments of Environmental Services are used as a contribution to the improvement of environmental health, based on the local level. It seeks to discuss the relationship between the changes brought by these mechanisms and the improvement of environmental health. The studied area was the city of Rio Grande da Serra, São Paulo state, with 100% of its territory in watershed protection area, population in high social vulnerability and in the Metropolitan Region of São Paulo, Brazil. The study was conducted in three steps: i) a literature review; ii) data collection; e iii) analysis of data. The information about the local environmental health was provided by the Municipality of Rio Grande da Serra and collected at CETESB, IBGE and DATASUS, being later analyzed in order to define a group of environmental services capable of contributing to the improvement of environmental health at the local level. It concludes that the environmental services with greater capacity to improve environmental health are climate regulation, followed by erosion control and sediment retention, supply of water and recreational and cultural goods.

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          Censo 2010

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            Ecological perspectives in health research.

            An ecological perspective on health emphasises both individual and contextual systems and the interdependent relations between the two. Origins of this approach have emanated from multiple disciplines over the past century or more. This article provides a glossary of perspectives, processes, and settings that pertain to an ecological approach in health research.
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              Bringing Ecosystem Services into the Real World: An Operational Framework for Assessing the Economic Consequences of Losing Wild Nature

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                Author and article information

                Contributors
                Role: ND
                Role: ND
                Journal
                sausoc
                Saúde e Sociedade
                Saude soc.
                Faculdade de Saúde Pública, Universidade de São Paulo. (São Paulo )
                1984-0470
                March 2014
                : 23
                : 1
                : 216-226
                Affiliations
                [1 ] Universidade de São Paulo Brazil
                [2 ] Universidade de São Paulo Brazil
                Article
                S0104-12902014000100216
                10.1590/S0104-12902014000100017
                ccf2d9c6-8c71-4486-be50-b4122cf6f08a

                http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

                Product
                Product Information: website
                Self URI (journal page): http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_serial&pid=0104-1290&lng=en
                Categories
                PUBLIC, ENVIRONMENTAL & OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH

                Public health
                Payments for Environmental Services,Environmental Health,Local Level,Pagamento por serviços ambientais,Saúde ambiental,Nível local

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