Methods We downloaded the RNA sequencing data of ccRCC from the Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database and identified differently expressed RBPs in different tissues. In this study, we used bioinformatics to analyze the expression and prognostic value of RBPs; then, we performed functional analysis and constructed a protein interaction network for them. We also screened out some RBPs related to the prognosis of ccRCC. Finally, based on the identified RBPs, we constructed a prognostic model that can predict patients' risk of illness and survival time. Also, the data in the HPA database were used for verification. Results In our experiment, we obtained 539 ccRCC samples and 72 normal controls. In the subsequent analysis, 87 upregulated RBPs and 38 downregulated RBPs were obtained. In addition, 9 genes related to the prognosis of patients were selected, namely, RPL36A, THOC6, RNASE2, NOVA2, TLR3, PPARGC1A, DARS, LARS2, and U2AF1L4. We further constructed a prognostic model based on these genes and plotted the ROC curve. This ROC curve performed well in judgement and evaluation. A nomogram that can judge the patient's life span is also made. Conclusion In conclusion, we have identified differentially expressed RBPs in ccRCC and carried out a series of in-depth research studies, the results of which may provide ideas for the diagnosis of ccRCC and the research of new targeted drugs.