The aim of the study was to analyze 14 consecutive patients with active acromegaly who had not undergone any therapy, the dose response of growth hormone (GH) to thyrotropin-releasing hormone (TRH), the existence of reproducibility of such response as well as to rule out the possibility of spontaneous fluctuactions of GH which would mimic this response. On several nonconsecutive days, we investigated the GH response to saline serum, 100,200 (twice) and 400 µg of TRH administration. We also studied both basal serum prolactin, serum prolactin after TRH administration and thyrotropin values. Our results show an absence of GH response after saline serum infusion, whereas after TRH doses, 36.3 42.8 and 45.4% positive responses were obtained, respectively. All GH responders were concordant to the different doses administered. The mean of GH concentrations of the different doses at different times did not reach significant differences. The response to the administration of the same dose brought about a significative increase, although it was not identical. It demonstrated a progressive increase of the area under the response curve, as did the means of increments after each TRH administration, albeit without reaching statistical significance. Between the GH-responding and GH-nonresponding groups there were no differences in either basal serum prolactin or serum prolactin and thyroid-stimulating hormone levels after TRH stimulation. The present study clearly shows that TRH elicits serum GH release from GH-secret-ing pituitary tumors. The response was reproducible in qualitative terms rather than quantitative, and no dose-response relationship was found between the TRH concentrations and the amounts of GH secreted.