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      In search of the Darwinian Holy Trinity in cognitive evolution: a comment on Croston et al.

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      Behavioral Ecology
      Oxford University Press (OUP)

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          Linking behavioural syndromes and cognition: a behavioural ecology perspective.

          With the exception of a few model species, individual differences in cognition remain relatively unstudied in non-human animals. One intriguing possibility is that variation in cognition is functionally related to variation in personality. Here, we review some examples and present hypotheses on relationships between personality (or behavioural syndromes) and individual differences in cognitive style. Our hypotheses are based largely on a connection between fast-slow behavioural types (BTs; e.g. boldness, aggressiveness, exploration tendency) and cognitive speed-accuracy trade-offs. We also discuss connections between BTs, cognition and ecologically important aspects of decision-making, including sampling, impulsivity, risk sensitivity and choosiness. Finally, we introduce the notion of cognition syndromes, and apply ideas from theories on adaptive behavioural syndromes to generate predictions on cognition syndromes.
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            Cognition and personality: an analysis of an emerging field.

            It is now well established that individuals can differ consistently in their average levels of behaviour across different contexts. There have recently been calls to apply the same adaptive framework to interindividual differences in cognition. These calls have culminated in the suggestion that variation in personality and cognition should correlate. We suggest that both these appealing notions are conceptually and logistically problematic. We identify the first crucial step for establishing any cognition-personality relationship. This is to determine the degree to which cognitive abilities yield consistent task performance. We then suggest how to establish whether such consistency exists. Finally, we discuss why formulating predictions about how cognition might be related to personality is much more difficult than is currently realised.
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              Measuring variation in cognition

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                Author and article information

                Journal
                Behavioral Ecology
                BEHECO
                Oxford University Press (OUP)
                1045-2249
                1465-7279
                November 19 2015
                2015
                2015
                July 25 2015
                : 26
                : 6
                : 1460-1461
                Article
                10.1093/beheco/arv119
                cd233644-c6ae-44b4-9d6e-c0f52cb667fc
                © 2015
                History

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