Objective To explore the characteristics and influencing factors of unintentional burns among left-behind children in rural areas of northern Guizhou, from the perspective of parents and children, to formulate strategies to prevent children from burns.
Methods A total of 508 left-behind children were recruited by using a multistage cluster sampling method, and 196 left-behind children’ s families were also investigated with a self-designed questionnaire.The relative factors of burns were analyzed by unconditional logistic regression and multiple regression analysis.
Results The report rate of burns among left-behind children was 12.20% (62/508). Left-behind girls were a risk factor for burns ( OR = 1.81). The time of employment >5 years and the higher of the score of burn-related knowledge were the protective factors ( OR = 0.23, 0.38) ( P<0.05). Only 64.80% of left-behind children’ s main guardians had a burns-related knowledge score of 60 or more. The age of their main guardian, the number of minor children, and whether understand of unintentional injury were the influencing factors of burns score.
Conclusion The report rate of burns among left-behind children in rural areas in northern Guizhou is still high; parents/guardians have a low cognition level of burns. The knowledge of burns should be strengthened and left-behind children should be cared to reduce the incidence of burns.
【摘要】 目的 探讨黔北农村地区留守儿童烧烫伤特征及其影响因素, 为从家长和儿童层面制定预防儿童烧烫伤策 略提供理论依据。 方法 采用多阶段整群随机抽样方法, 从黔北地区抽取留守儿童508名, 留守儿童家庭196户, 采用自 制烧烫伤问卷进行调查, 运用非条件Logistic回归分析留守儿童烧烫伤影响因素、多元线性回归分析留守儿童家长烧烫伤 认知得分影响因素。 结果 留守儿童烧烫伤报告率为12.20%(62/508), 留守女童与烧烫伤发生呈正相关 ( OR =1.81), 父 母外出务工年限>5年和烧烫伤相关知识得分越高与儿童烧烫伤发生呈负相关 ( OR 值分别为0.23, 0.38) ( P 值均<0.05)。 留守儿童主要监护人烧烫伤认知得分>60分的仅占64.80%, 主要监护人年龄、未成年子女数和是否知晓非故意伤害是烧 烫伤认知得分的影响因素 ( P 值均<0.05)。 结论 黔北农村地区留守儿童烧烫伤报告率较高, 家长烧烫伤认知水平偏低。 应加强烧烫伤知识普及, 关爱留守儿童, 降低烧烫伤发生率。