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      Oxidized Low-Density Lipoproteins, Autoantibodies against Oxidized Low-Density Lipoproteins and Carotid Intima Media Thickness in a Clinically Healthy Population

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          Abstract

          Background: Oxidized low-density lipoproteins (oxLDLs) play an important role in the progress of atherosclerosis. Autoantibodies (oxLDL Ab) against oxLDLs may reflect the extent of LDL oxidation in vivo. Our aim was to investigate the correlation between oxLDLs, oxLDL Ab and intima media thickness of the common carotid arteries (CCA-IMT) in a clinically healthy population. Methods: Two hundred subjects were recruited, and demographic and clinical characteristics of the subjects were recorded. By use of tertile classification of plasma oxLDLs and oxLDL Ab, 9 groups including 4 extreme subject groups were generated. CCA-IMT was measured as an indicator of carotid atherosclerosis. Results: Age and plasma LDL concentration contributed significantly to CCA-IMT (p < 0.05). Body mass index, smoking index and plasma LDL concentration were significantly positively related to the plasma oxLDLs concentration; by contrast, plasma oxLDL Ab were significantly negatively related to the plasma oxLDL concentration (p < 0.05). Subjects in the group with low oxLDL Ab/high oxLDLs had the greatest CCA-IMT and the highest level of LDL; by contrast, subjects in the group with high oxLDL Ab/low oxLDLs had the least CCA-IMT and the lowest level of LDL. Conclusions: Both plasma oxLDLs and oxLDL Ab contribute, although in opposite ways, to the LDL metabolism and development of atherosclerosis. Immune response to oxLDLs may exert a protective role at an early stage of atherosclerosis.

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          Most cited references 32

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          Association of coronary heart disease incidence with carotid arterial wall thickness and major risk factors: the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) Study, 1987-1993.

          Few studies have determined whether greater carotid artery intima-media thickness (IMT) in asymptomatic individuals is associated prospectively with increased risk of coronary heart disease (CHD). In the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities Study, carotid IMT, an index of generalized atherosclerosis, was defined as the mean of IMT measurements at six sites of the carotid arteries using B-mode ultrasound. The authors assessed its relation to CHD incidence over 4-7 years of follow-up (1987-1993) in four US communities (Forsyth County, North Carolina; Jackson, Mississippi; Minneapolis, Minnesota; and Washington County, Maryland) from samples of 7,289 women and 5,552 men aged 45-64 years who were free of clinical CHD at baseline. There were 96 incident events for women and 194 for men. In sex-specific Cox proportional hazards models adjusted only for age, race, and center, the hazard rate ratio comparing extreme mean IMT (> or = 1 mm) to not extreme (< 1 mm) was 5.07 for women (95% confidence interval 3.08-8.36) and 1.85 for men (95% confidence interval 1.28-2.69). The relation was graded (monotonic), and models with cubic splines indicated significant nonlinearity. The strength of the association was reduced by including major CHD risk factors, but remained elevated at higher IMT. Up to 1 mm mean IMT, women had lower adjusted annual event rates than did men, but above 1 mm their event rate was closer to that of men. Thus, mean carotid IMT is a noninvasive predictor of future CHD incidence.
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            Shattuck lecture--cardiovascular medicine at the turn of the millennium: triumphs, concerns, and opportunities.

             E Braunwald (1997)
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              Binding site on macrophages that mediates uptake and degradation of acetylated low density lipoprotein, producing massive cholesterol deposition

               J Goldstein,  Y Ho,  S Basu (1979)
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                Author and article information

                Journal
                CRD
                Cardiology
                10.1159/issn.0008-6312
                Cardiology
                S. Karger AG
                0008-6312
                1421-9751
                2008
                June 2008
                12 December 2007
                : 110
                : 4
                : 252-259
                Affiliations
                aInstitute of Nutritional Science, Chung Shan Medical University, and bDepartment of Neurology, Chung Shan Medical University Hospital, Taichung, cVascular and Genomic Center, dDepartment of Surgery, and eDepartment of Neurology, Changhua Christian Hospital, Changhua, Taiwan
                Article
                112409 Cardiology 2008;110:252–259
                10.1159/000112409
                18073481
                © 2007 S. Karger AG, Basel

                Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

                Page count
                Tables: 6, References: 57, Pages: 8
                Categories
                Original Research

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