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      SCL-90-R Symptom Profiles and Outcome of Short-Term Psychodynamic Group Therapy

      1 , * , 1 , 2

      ISRN Psychiatry

      Hindawi Publishing Corporation

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          Abstract

          Background. Psychodynamic group psychotherapy may not be an optimal treatment for anxiety and agoraphobic symptoms. We explore remission of SCL-90-R Global Severity Index (GSI) and target symptoms in 39 sessions of psychodynamic group therapy. Methods. SCL-90-R “target symptom” profile and GSI remission according to Danish norms were identified in 239 patients and evaluated according to reliable and clinical significant change. Results. Four major groups of target symptom cases (depression, interpersonal sensitivity, anxiety, and phobic anxiety) covered 95.7% of the sample. As opposite to phobic anxiety and anxiety patients, patients with interpersonal sensitivity obtained overall the most optimal outcome. The phobic anxiety scale, social network support, and years of school education were independent predictors of GSI remission, and a low anxiety score and absence of phobic anxiety target symptoms were independent predictors of remission of target symptom pathology. Conclusions. The negative results as associated with the SCL-90-R phobic anxiety scale and the phobic anxiety target symptom group are largely in agreement with recent studies. In contrast, whatever the diagnoses, patients with interpersonal sensitivity target symptom may be especially suited for psychodynamic group therapy. The SCL-90-R subscales may allow for a more complex symptom-related differentiation of patients compared with both diagnoses and GSI symptom load.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          ISRN Psychiatry
          ISRN Psychiatry
          ISRN.PSYCHIATRY
          ISRN Psychiatry
          Hindawi Publishing Corporation
          2090-7966
          2013
          27 April 2013
          : 2013
          Affiliations
          1Medical Psychology Unit, Department of Environmental Health, Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, Institute of Public Health, University of Copenhagen, Øster Farimagsgade 5A, P.O. Box 2099, 1014 Copenhagen, Denmark
          2Psychiatric Department E, Bispebjerg Hospital, Copenhagen, Denmark
          Author notes
          *Hans Henrik Jensen: hhje@ 123456sund.ku.dk

          Academic Editors: X. Gonda, Z. Kronfol, and A. Vance

          Article
          10.1155/2013/540134
          3658428
          23738219
          Copyright © 2013 Hans Henrik Jensen et al.

          This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

          Categories
          Research Article

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