Hiroshi Kusunoki 1 , Shotaro Tsuji 2 , Tomoyuki Kusukawa 2 , Yosuke Wada 3 , 4 , Kayoko Tamaki 1 , Koutatsu Nagai 5 , Masako Itoh 5 , Kyoko Sano 5 , Manabu Amano 6 , Hatsuo Maeda 6 , Hideyuki Sugita 7 , Yoko Hasegawa 7 , 8 , Hiromitsu Kishimoto 7 , Soji Shimomura 3 , Ken Shinmura , 1 , 3
22 October 2020
Sarcopenia is prevalent in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). The indices of physical function, such as grip power and gait speed, decreased according to the decline in the estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR).
We examined the relationships between cystatin C-based GFR (eGFRcys), creatinine-based GFR (eGFRcre), their ratio (eGFRcys/eGFRcre) and sarcopenia in community-dwelling older adults in Japan. This cross-sectional study included 302 men aged 73.9 ± 6.2 years and 647 women aged 72.9 ± 5.8 years from a rural area in Hyogo Prefecture, Japan. eGFRcys and eGFRcre were simultaneously measured, and sarcopenia based on the Asia Working Group for Sarcopenia (AWGS) 2019 criteria was evaluated.
eGFRcys and the eGFRcys/eGFRcre ratio were significantly correlated with grip power and gait speed ( p < 0.001). The eGFRcys/eGFRcre ratio was also correlated with skeletal muscle mass index (SMI) ( p < 0.01). Univariate logistic regression analysis showed eGFRcys and eGFRcys/eGFRcre ratio but not eGFRcre were associated with sarcopenia ( p < 0.01). The presence of low eGFRcys (CKDcys) and low eGFRcys/eGFRcre ratio (< 1.0) but not that of low eGFRcre (CKDcre) were associated with sarcopenia ( p < 0.01). In the multivariate logistic regression analysis, when the eGFRcys/eGFRcre ratio was added as a covariate to the basic model, it was significantly associated with sarcopenia in women ( p < 0.05). Moreover, low eGFRcys/eGFRcre ratio (< 1.0) was associated with a higher risk of sarcopenia in men ( p < 0.01).