It has previously been reported that in adult patients with sickle-cell anemia the serum phosphate value and the maximum tubular reabsorption of phosphate per liter of glomerular filtrate (TmP/GFR) were significantly higher than in normal controls. This does not appear to have been studied in children with sickle cell anemia (young sicklers) and this prompted us to assess renal phosphate reabsorption in this group of patients. We looked at serum phosphate level and calculated renal phosphate reabsorption (TP/GFR) in children taking random urine and blood samples at the same time and using the formula TP/GFR = Sp – Up × SCr: UCr, in 30 young sicklers all of whom had normal renal function (mean age 7.3 years) and 40 normal matching controls (mean age 6.5 years). The mean serum phosphate value in young sicklers was significantly lower than in controls (4.3 against 5.3 mg/dl) while the mean value of TP/GFR was 4.09 ± 0.74 mg/dl in young sicklers compared to 4.65 ± 0.75 mg/dl in the control group (p = 0.0026). Therefore, the TP/GFR in young sicklers was also significantly lower (p = 0.0026) than in the control group. This may be explained by the high serum level of parathyroid hormone reported previously in patients with sickle cell anemia which is expected to lower phosphate reabsorption (TmP/GFR and TP/GFR are identical in children). The lower serum phosphate value and TP/GFR in younger sicklers seems to be in contrast with the relatively high serum phosphate value and TP/GFR previously reported in adults with sickle cell anemia.