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      A middle-range theory of self-care of chronic illness.

      Ans. Advances in Nursing Science
      Activities of Daily Living, Attitude to Health, Chronic Disease, therapy, Disease Management, Female, Health Behavior, Humans, Male, Middle Aged, Models, Nursing, Qualitative Research, Self Care, methods, Severity of Illness Index

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          Abstract

          Nearly 50% of adults have one or more chronic illnesses. Self-care is considered essential in the management of chronic illness, but the elements of self-care in this context have not been specified in a middle-range theory. This article describes a middle-range theory of self-care that addresses the process of maintaining health with health promoting practices within the context of the management required of a chronic illness. The key concepts include self-care maintenance, self-care monitoring, and self-care management. Assumptions and propositions of the theory are specified. Factors influencing self-care including experience, skill, motivation, culture, confidence, habits, function, cognition, support from others, and access to care are described.

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