Objective: To report on a patient who committed self-enucleation with his own fingers. Methods: Case report of a 28-year-old man who self-enucleated his right eye. After ophthalmological treatment, he was referred to the psychiatric department for further evaluation and treatment. Results: Reconstruction of the orbit was performed, and neither ophthalmological nor neurological complications were noted. The psychiatric history revealed continuous drug abuse (cannabis and amphetamines). The diagnosis of a drug-induced psychosis was established. Conclusions: Self-enucleation or ‘oedipism’ is a rare entity which requires, besides an operative reconstruction of the orbit, neurological monitoring to prevent possible intracranial complications. Long-term psychiatric therapy should be attempted to prevent further self-injurious behaviour.