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      Pituitary-Thyroid Axis and Immune System: A Reciprocal Neuroendocrine-lmmune Interaction

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          Abstract

          A good body of experimental and clinical results has supported the existence of numerous reciprocal interactions among the nervous, endocrine and immune systems. Increasing evidence has been accumulated in the last years on the interaction between pituitary-thyroid hormones and the immune system on the basis of either the existence of receptors for thyreotropic and thyroid hormones on lymphocytes or the frequent immune alteration in physiological and pathological fluctuations of thyroid hormones. The data were obtained either in animals with experimentally induced hyper- or hypothyroidism or in humans with various hyperthyroid or hypothyroid situations. Conversely, immune-derived products such as lymphokines and monokines have been shown able to influence the pituitary-thyroid axis modulating either the thyroid hormone levels or the hormone/cytokine production by thyrocytes. The present paper aims at summarizing the data available on the existence of thyroid-immune interactions, and at analyzing the possible integration between pituitary-thyroid hormones and immune factors in favoring the development and maintenance of both thymic and peripheral immune efficiency. The relevance of pituitary-thyroid-immune interactions is discussed for its implication in the ageing process.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          HRE
          Horm Res Paediatr
          10.1159/issn.1663-2818
          Hormone Research in Paediatrics
          S. Karger AG
          978-3-8055-6124-2
          978-3-318-01661-1
          1663-2818
          1663-2826
          1995
          1995
          05 December 2008
          : 43
          : 1-3
          : 29-38
          Affiliations
          Immunology Center, Gerontological Research Department, Italian National Research Centers on Aging (INRCA), Ancona, Italy
          Article
          184234 Horm Res 1995;43:29–38
          10.1159/000184234
          7721259
          © 1995 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Pages: 10
          Categories
          Endocrine Functions and Ageing

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