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      Relationships of Serum Levels of Insulinlike Growth Factors with Indices of Bone Metabolism and Nutritional Conditions in Hemodialysis Patients

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          Abstract

          Insulinlike growth factor (IGF) I and IGF-II are synthesized in osteoblasts and stimulate proliferation, differentiation, and matrix synthesis in these cells. There is some evidence that IGFs act on bone cells not only by paracrine but also by endocrine pathways, suggesting that circulating IGFs may be of importance for the regulation of bone metabolism. On the other hand, the serum IGF-I level is also thought to be a good indicator of the nutritional conditions in hemodialysis patients. The present study was performed to analyze the correlations of circulating levels of IGF-I, IGF-II, IGF-binding protein (IGFBP) 1 and IGFBP-3 with biochemical markers of bone metabolism and parameters of the urea kinetic model which reflect nutritional conditions in hemodialysis patients. We also examined the differences between these relationships in male and female patients on hemodialysis. Sixty-two hemodialysis patients, 36 men (male group) and 26 women (female group), were included in this study. We measured the serum levels of IGF-I, IGF-II, IGFBP-1, and IGFBP-3. The bone mineral content (BMC) of the radius was measured by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry. We calculated Kt/V, protein catabolic rate, and percent creatinine generation rate (%CGR). We also examined the relationships between serum levels of IGFs and BMC and the parameters of the urea kinetic model. It was found that the serum levels of IGF-I in the hemodialysis patients were almost the same as those in the control group. However, the serum levels of IGF-II, IGFBP-1, and IGFBP-3 in the hemodialysis patients were significantly higher than those in the control group. In the male group, the serum IGF-I levels showed a significant correlation with both serum intact parathyroid hormone levels and BMC, but no significant correlations between these indices were found in the female group. The serum levels of both IGF-I and IGF-II showed significant correlations with %CGR in the male group, but not in the female group. Stepwise multiple regression analysis was performed to clarify the relationship between serum levels of IGFs and BMC or %CGR. It was found that age, hemodialysis duration, serum intact parathyroid hormone levels, and sex were independent factors associated with BMC. The %CGR was associated independently with serum levels of IGF-I, and IGF-II and with the presence of diabetes mellitus. In conclusion, it is thought that serum levels of IGF-I and IGF-II can be used as indices of nutritional conditions in hemodialysis patients. However, the serum IGF-I level cannot be used as a marker of bone metabolism in hemodialysis patients.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          NEF
          Nephron
          10.1159/issn.1660-8151
          Nephron
          S. Karger AG
          1660-8151
          2235-3186
          2001
          2001
          05 September 2001
          : 89
          : 2
          : 145-152
          Affiliations
          Department of Medicine III, Okayama University Medical School, Okayama, Japan
          Article
          46061 Nephron 2001;89:145–152
          10.1159/000046061
          11549896
          © 2001 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Figures: 3, Tables: 5, References: 25, Pages: 8
          Product
          Self URI (application/pdf): https://www.karger.com/Article/Pdf/46061
          Categories
          Original Paper

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