Objective To explore the influence of public physical education curriculum integrated with physical fitness training on college students’ physical health, and to provide a reference for improving physical health of college students.
Methods A total of 280 freshmen from 6 classes in Qiqihar Medical University were selected, and all the participants were divided into two groups (3 classes in each group). The control group ( n = 132) received regular public physical education curriculum. The experimental group ( n =148) received physical fitness training in addition on the public physical education curriculum. The experiment lasted for one semester. Physical fitness of the two groups of college students were tested, and the changes of physical health of the two groups before and after the experiment were compared.
Results The qualified rate of physical health assessment before the experiment was close to that of the two groups ( χ 2 = 0.24, P>0.05). Compared with that before the experiment, the qualified rate of physical health assessment after the experiment in the experimental group was significantly higher than that in the control group ( χ 2 = 22.52, 12.39, P<0.05). The scores of physical health assessment of boys and girls in the experimental group after the experiment were significantly higher than those before the experiment (boys: t = 6.87, 7.99, 8.05, 5.02, 6.94, 10.05; girls: t = 5.88, 6.32, 7.08, 9.84, 6.17, 4.06, P<0.05). The test results of vital capacity, 50-meter running, sitting forward bending, standing long jump, pull-up and 1 000-meter running in the experimental group were significantly better than those in the control group ( t= 7.26, 4.30, 8.07, 2.34, 8.31, 4.20, P<0.05). After the experiment, the test scores of vital capacities, 50-metre running, sitting forward bending, standing long jump, sit-up and 800-metre running in the experimental group were significantly better than those in the control group ( t = 8.64, 5.81, 5.53, 22.27, 9.60, 13.06, P<0.05).
Conclusion Integrating physical fitness training in college public physical education curriculum can help improve the physique health level of college students, actively reform public physical education curriculum in colleges and universities, and explore the curriculum model suitable for the actual situation of each school is an important way to improve the physique health level of college students.
【摘要】目的 探讨髙校开展融人体适能训练的公共体育课程对大学生体质健康状况的影响, 为提髙大学生体质健 康水平提供参考。 方法 抽取齐齐哈尔医学院大学一年级新生中的 6 个班级共 280 名学生作为研究对象, 分为 2 组（每组 3 个班级）。 对照组（132 人）按照正常的公共体育课程大纲开展教学, 实验组（148 人）在公共体育课程大纲中引人体适能 训练内容, 实验时间为 1 个学期。 实验前后, 对两组大学生进行体能健康测试。 结果 两组大学生实验前的体质健康测评 合格率差异无统计学意义 ( χ 2=0.24, P>0.05)；与实验前相比, 实验组实验后的体质健康测评合格率明显提髙, 且髙于对照 组 ( χ 2值分别为22.52, 12.39, P值均<0.05)。 实验组男生及女生实验后的各项体质健康测评成绩均较实验前提髙（男生 t 值分别为 6.87, 7.99, 8.05, 5.02, 6.94, 10.05, 女生 t 值分别为 5.88, 6.32, 7.08, 9.84, 6.17, 4.06, P 值均<0.05)。 实验组男生实 验后的肺活量、50 m 跑、坐位体前屈、立定跳远、引体向上、1 000 m 跑测试成绩均优于对照组（ t 值分别为7.26, 4.30, 8.07, 2.34, 8.31, 4.20, P 值均<0.05)。 实验组女生实验后的肺活量、50 m 跑、坐位体前屈、立定跳远、仰卧起坐、800 m 跑测试成绩 均优于对照组（ t 值分别为 8.64, 5.81, 5.53, 22.27, 9.60, 13.06, P 值均<0.05)。 结论 在髙校公共体育课程中融人体适能训 练, 有助于提髙大学生的体质健康水平。 积极改革髙校公共体育课程, 探寻适合各校实际情况的课程模式是提髙大学生体 质健康水平的重要途径。