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      Associations between Proton Pump Inhibitor and Histamine-2 Receptor Antagonist and Bone Mineral Density among Kidney Transplant Recipients

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          Abstract

          Background: In the general population, use of proton pump inhibitor (PPI) has been linked to higher risk of osteoporotic fractures. PPI is commonly prescribed in kidney transplant recipients (KTRs). However, the effect of PPI on osteoporosis in KTRs is largely unstudied. Methods: A total of 1,774 adult KTRs in the Wisconsin Allograft Recipient Database with at least one eligible bone mineral density (BMD) measurement at least 3 months after transplantation were included in the analyses. Associations between use of PPI and histamine-2 receptor antagonist (H2RA) at 3 months after transplantation and subsequent slope of T-score were assessed. Results: A total of 1,478 (83.3%) participants were using a PPI at 3 months after transplantation. Compared to the use of H2RA, use of PPI was not significantly associated with annualized slope of hip T-score (β = –0.0039, 95% CI –0.00497 to 0.0021) or annualized slope of spine T-score (β = –0.017, 95% CI –0.049 to 0.083) after adjustment for potential confounders. Similarly, no significant association between use of PPI and slope of T-score was observed when defining PPI/H2RA exposure as use within 6 months of the initial BMD measurement, or only including participants with at least 2 BMD measurements, or stratified by different age and sex. Conclusions: Use of PPI was not associated with an increased rate of BMD loss in KTRs. Our results support previous findings that PPI use does not have a significant effect on bone mineral loss.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          AJN
          Am J Nephrol
          10.1159/issn.0250-8095
          American Journal of Nephrology
          S. Karger AG
          0250-8095
          1421-9670
          2020
          June 2020
          02 June 2020
          : 51
          : 6
          : 433-441
          Affiliations
          aDepartment of Population Health Sciences, University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health, Madison, Wisconsin, USA
          bDepartment of Medicine, University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health, Madison, Wisconsin, USA
          cDepartment of Pharmacy, University of Wisconsin Hospital and Clinics, Madison, Wisconsin, USA
          Author notes
          *Brad C. Astor, Department of Population Health Sciences, University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health, 5149 MFCB 1685 Highland Avenue, Madison, WI 53705 (USA), E-Mail bcastor@medicine.wisc.edu
          Article
          507470 Am J Nephrol 2020;51:433–441
          10.1159/000507470
          32485707
          © 2020 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Figures: 2, Tables: 2, Pages: 9
          Categories
          Transplantation: Research Article

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