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      The Physiological and Psychological Benefits of Dance and its Effects on Children and Adolescents: A Systematic Review


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          Background: The aim of this review was to examine the physiological and psychological benefits of dance and its effects on children and adolescents. We consider the therapeutic benefits of dance and outline the potential of dance as an alternative therapy for certain pathologies and medical disorders. Secondly, we summarize the types of dances used in physical interventions, and comment on the methodologies used. Finally, we consider the use of dance as a different exercise modality that may have benefits for increased physical activity generally, and for increased physical education provision in schools.

          Methods: A structured search strategy was conducted using the databases of PubMed, MEDLINE, Web of science, PsycARTICLES, and Social Science database. This review used the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines for systematic reviews. Studies that were published in the past 20 years were considered for inclusion. All written publications were searched for in English, and all articles included in this review were peer reviewed full papers.

          Conclusion: The key findings from this review indicate that dance is a feasible alternative to traditional physical activity. The findings also indicate that dance provides physiological and psychological benefits to healthy and medically compromised populations. Implementation of dance programs in schools and society generally needs serious consideration by policy makers. We hope that the results of this review stimulate debate and provide the necessary evidence to profile dance as a viable alternative medium of physical activity. Comprehensive and integrated changes will be needed including economical and legislative support from politicians and associated governmental agencies. The findings reported here are important and have implications for health policy change, reconfiguration, and implementation.

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          The Cochrane Collaboration’s tool for assessing risk of bias in randomised trials

          Flaws in the design, conduct, analysis, and reporting of randomised trials can cause the effect of an intervention to be underestimated or overestimated. The Cochrane Collaboration’s tool for assessing risk of bias aims to make the process clearer and more accurate
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            Preferred reporting items for systematic reviews and meta-analyses: the PRISMA statement.

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              Child and adolescent mental health worldwide: evidence for action.

              Mental health problems affect 10-20% of children and adolescents worldwide. Despite their relevance as a leading cause of health-related disability in this age group and their longlasting effects throughout life, the mental health needs of children and adolescents are neglected, especially in low-income and middle-income countries. In this report we review the evidence and the gaps in the published work in terms of prevalence, risk and protective factors, and interventions to prevent and treat childhood and adolescent mental health problems. We also discuss barriers to, and approaches for, the implementation of such strategies in low-resource settings. Action is imperative to reduce the burden of mental health problems in future generations and to allow for the full development of vulnerable children and adolescents worldwide. Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

                Author and article information

                Front Physiol
                Front Physiol
                Front. Physiol.
                Frontiers in Physiology
                Frontiers Media S.A.
                13 June 2022
                : 13
                : 925958
                [1] 1 Faculty of Sport Science , Ningbo University , Zhejiang, China
                [2] 2 Department of Government and International Studies , Hong Kong Baptist University , Hong Kong, China
                [3] 3 Department of Sport Physical Education and Health , Centre for Health and Exercise Science Research , Hong Kong Baptist University , Hong Kong, China
                Author notes

                Edited by: Åsa B. Tornberg, Lund University, Sweden

                Reviewed by: Germina Cosma, University of Craiova, Romania

                José Parraça, Universidade de Évora, Portugal

                *Correspondence: Dan Tao, 21483132@ 123456life.hkbu.edu.hk

                This article was submitted to Exercise Physiology, a section of the journal Frontiers in Physiology

                Copyright © 2022 Tao, Gao, Cole, Baker, Gu, Supriya, Tong, Hu and Awan-Scully.

                This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.

                : 22 April 2022
                : 23 May 2022
                Systematic Review

                Anatomy & Physiology
                children,adolescent,dance intervention,dance therapy,physical activity,health policy and practice


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