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      Comparisons of the efficacy and recurrence of adenomyomectomy for severe uterine diffuse adenomyosis via laparotomy versus laparoscopy: a long-term result in a single institution


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          Studies have shown that adenomyomectomy can effectively treat women with adenomyosis in a short period of time. However, the long-term efficacy of adenomyomectomy has rarely been reported. The objective of this study was to determine whether laparotomy is superior to laparoscopic surgery in the long-term efficacy of double-flap method adenomyomectomy for severe diffuse adenomyosis.


          Between March 2011 and September 2018, a total of 148 patients with severe uterine diffuse adenomyosis who underwent laparoscopic (group A, n=72) and laparotomic (group B, n=76) double-flap adenomyomectomy were recruited. Adenomyomectomy efficacy and adenomyosis recurrence after surgery between groups A and B were comparatively analyzed.


          The effective rate at 6-year follow up after surgery was higher in group B (75.0%) than that in group A (62.1%), while the 6-year cumulative recurrence rate was higher in group A (27.8%) than that in group B (17.1%), but the differences did not reach statistical significance between the two groups ( P>0.05). The recurrence rate was lower in patients who were treated with gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonist (GnRHa) plus Mirena or oral contraceptives post-surgically than that in patients who were treated with only GnRHa post-surgically in groups A (51.6% vs 9.8%, P<0.01) and B (33.3% vs 6.5%, P<0.05). Moreover, the recurrence rate of adenomyosis patients with endometriosis was higher than that of adenomyosis patients without endometriosis in group A (55.0% vs 17.3%, P<0.05) and group B (36.0% vs 7.8%, P<0.05).


          The long-term outcomes of laparoscopic and laparotomic double-flap adenomyomectomy can be achieved for severe diffuse uterine adenomyosis, but laparotomy seems to have advantages over laparoscopy. Postoperative drug use may be beneficial to reduce the recurrence of adenomyosis, especially for adenomyosis with endometriosis.

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          Most cited references 26

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          Uterus-sparing operative treatment for adenomyosis.

          To review systematically the literature on uterus-sparing surgical treatment options for adenomyosis.
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            Role of medical therapy in the management of uterine adenomyosis

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              Surgical procedure to conserve the uterus for future pregnancy in patients suffering from massive adenomyosis.

              The treatment for severe adenomyosis has usually been hysterectomy, because there is no line of demarcation between diseased and normal tissue. Yet many such women wish to retain their uterus and some even wish to bear children. This report evaluates the efficacy of a new method of adenomyomectomy, where adenomyotic tissues are radically excised and the uterine wall is reconstructed by a triple-flap method, without overlapping suture lines, to prevent uterine rupture in subsequent pregnancies. This is a prospective case series followed for 10 years from June 1998 to August 2008 of 104 women with severe adenomyosis verified histologically and with magnetic resonance imaging. There was a dramatic reduction in both dysmenorrhoea and hypermenorrhoea and all patients returned to having normal menstrual cycles. Of 26 women who wished to conceive, 16 became pregnant, 14 (53.8%)went to term and delivered a healthy baby and there were no cases of uterine rupture. Adenomyosis symptoms recurred in only four out of 104 cases. The procedure thus resulted in a dramatic reduction in symptoms and allowed over half of women who wished to conceive to go to term without uterine rupture. Copyright © 2010 Reproductive Healthcare Ltd. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

                Author and article information

                J Pain Res
                J Pain Res
                Journal of Pain Research
                27 June 2019
                : 12
                : 1917-1924
                [1 ] The Department of Gynecology, Women’s Hospital, School of Medicine, Zhejiang University , Hangzhou, Zhejiang 310006, People’s Republic of China
                Author notes
                Correspondence: Xinmei ZhangThe Department of Gynecology, Women’s Hospital, School of Medicine, Zhejiang University , 1 Xueshi Road, Hangzhou, Zhejiang310006, People’s Republic of ChinaTel +86 57 187 061 501 2131Fax +86 5 718 706 1878Email zhangxinm@ 123456zju.edu.cn
                © 2019 Zhu et al.

                This work is published and licensed by Dove Medical Press Limited. The full terms of this license are available at https://www.dovepress.com/terms.php and incorporate the Creative Commons Attribution – Non Commercial (unported, v3.0) License ( http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/). By accessing the work you hereby accept the Terms. Non-commercial uses of the work are permitted without any further permission from Dove Medical Press Limited, provided the work is properly attributed. For permission for commercial use of this work, please see paragraphs 4.2 and 5 of our Terms ( https://www.dovepress.com/terms.php).

                Page count
                Figures: 1, Tables: 4, References: 28, Pages: 8
                Original Research

                Anesthesiology & Pain management

                adenomyosis, adenomyomectomy, efficacy, recurrence, treatment


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