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      “It’s like an elephant in the room with my family”: LGBTQ+ College Students’ Identity Expression During the COVID-19 Pandemic

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          Abstract

          The COVID-19 pandemic led many college campuses to close and transition to remote learning. For lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, queer, questioning, or otherwise non-heterosexual or cisgender (LGBTQ+) college students, these disruptions may have affected their ability to express their sexual orientation and gender identity (SOGI). We used a developmental assets framework and minority stress theory with open-ended survey responses to examine LGBTQ+ students’ ( N = 411, M age = 20.5; 38.4% bisexual; 48.7% women) perceptions of whether and how their SOGI expression changed due to the pandemic. We found the majority of LGBTQ+ students described their SOGI expression as restricted. However, some students perceived no change or improvements in their SOGI expression. We also examined whether perceived change in expression differed by gender identity (transgender and gender non-conforming [TGNC] compared to cisgender), and whether students lived with family. TGNC students and students who lived with family were more likely than their peers to report restricted expression and TGNC students were more likely than cisgender students to perceive improvements in their expression. Our findings highlight the internal and external assets that promote positive developmental outcomes for adolescents with minoritized identities and how universities might support LGBTQ+ students.

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          Identity Youth and Crisis

          <b><i>Identity: Youth and Crisis</i> collects Erik H. Erikson's major essays on topics originating in the concept of the adolescent identity crisis. </b><br><br>Identity, Erikson writes, is an unfathomable as it is all-pervasive. It deals with a process that is located both in the core of the individual and in the core of the communal culture. As the culture changes, new kinds of identity questions arise—Erikson comments, for example, on issues of social protest and changing gender roles that were particular to the 1960s.<br> <br> Representing two decades of groundbreaking work, the essays are not so much a systematic formulation of theory as an evolving report that is both clinical and theoretical. The subjects range from "creative confusion" in two famous lives—the dramatist George Bernard Shaw and the philosopher William James—to the connection between individual struggles and social order. "Race and the Wider Identity" and the controversial "Womanhood and the Inner Space" are included in the collection.
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            Applied Thematic Analysis

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              A conceptual framework for clinical work with transgender and gender nonconforming clients: An adaptation of the Minority Stress Model.

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                Author and article information

                Journal
                J Adolesc Res
                J Adolesc Res
                JAR
                spjar
                Journal of Adolescent Research
                SAGE Publications (Sage CA: Los Angeles, CA )
                0743-5584
                1552-6895
                24 January 2023
                24 January 2023
                : 07435584221149372
                Affiliations
                [1 ]University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT, USA
                [2 ]University of Minnesota–Twin Cities, Minneapolis, MN, USA
                Author notes
                [*]Veronica Hanna-Walker, Department of Human Development and Family Sciences, University of Connecticut, 348 Mansfield Road, U-1058, Storrs, CT 06269-1058, USA. Email: veronica.hanna-walker@ 123456uconn.edu .
                Author information
                https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3486-3990
                Article
                10.1177_07435584221149372
                10.1177/07435584221149372
                9880145
                d01b4c94-7c9f-45cb-ad02-9b4a39f56ead
                © The Author(s) 2023

                This article is made available via the PMC Open Access Subset for unrestricted re-use and analyses in any form or by any means with acknowledgement of the original source. These permissions are granted for the duration of the COVID-19 pandemic or until permissions are revoked in writing. Upon expiration of these permissions, PMC is granted a perpetual license to make this article available via PMC and Europe PMC, consistent with existing copyright protections.

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                Funding
                Funded by: institute for collaboration on health, intervention, and policy, university of connecticut, FundRef https://doi.org/10.13039/100019616;
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                covid-19,lgbtq+ college students,sogi expression,sogi concealment,family

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