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      Facing the Involvement of Youths in Competitions: Soviet Visions and Adaptations to the Rejuvenation of Elite Sports (Second Half of the 20th Century)

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          Abstract

          This article focuses on Soviet sports authorities' adaptations to youth involvement in elite sports during the second half of the 20th century during the Cold War. It demonstrates that the quest for performance and success in world competitions meant that sportsmen needed to start training at younger ages. This trend led to the development of a biopolitical expertise on youth sports, that mixed scientific research, artistic and intellectual stances and public policy making. It contributed to determining age requirements and a specific system to intensify preparation while protecting the sportsmen involved. Since the mid-1970's, this system was not well-received within the Soviet Union as well as by the wider world. These youth systems embodied the poor Soviet management of childhood.

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          Ballerinas and Pixies: a Genealogy of the Changing Female Gymnastics Body

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            Gymnasts are Not Merely Circus Phenomena: Influences on the Development of Women’s Artistic Gymnastics During the 1970s

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              Cold War Games: Propaganda, the Olympics, and U.S. Foreign Policy.

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                Author and article information

                Contributors
                Journal
                Front Sports Act Living
                Front Sports Act Living
                Front. Sports Act. Living
                Frontiers in Sports and Active Living
                Frontiers Media S.A.
                2624-9367
                21 October 2020
                2020
                : 2
                Affiliations
                UMR 6025 CENS, Université de Nantes-CNRS , Nantes, France
                Author notes

                Edited by: François Vallotton, University of Lausanne, Switzerland

                Reviewed by: Shushu Chen, University of Birmingham, United Kingdom; Daphné Bolz, Université de Rouen, France

                *Correspondence: Sylvain Dufraisse sylvain.dufraisse@ 123456univ-nantes.fr

                This article was submitted to The History, Culture and Sociology of Sports, a section of the journal Frontiers in Sports and Active Living

                Article
                10.3389/fspor.2020.568025
                7739635
                d05c8bea-4a08-44ca-b962-33a2f22c1d31
                Copyright © 2020 Dufraisse.

                This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.

                Page count
                Figures: 0, Tables: 2, Equations: 0, References: 66, Pages: 13, Words: 11944
                Categories
                Sports and Active Living
                Original Research

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