Amplitude-integrated electroencephalography (aEEG) is an effective and simple means of continuous EEG monitoring beside the neonatal bed, which can be used to predict the early brain injury and prognosis evaluation of neonatal hyperbilirubinemia. This paper summarized 11 randomized controlled studies to meta-analyze the value of aEEG in evaluating neonatal hyperbilirubinemia and acute bilirubin encephalopathy. Through the literature search of health and interest science engineering and computer in the medical databases such as Wanfang Medicine and PubMed database, the medical information literature of aEEG to evaluate the clinical value in neonatal severe hyperbilirubinemia is used, and RevMan 5.2 software is selected for metadecomposition. The experimental results show that their serum total bilirubin is significantly higher than that of normal newborns, and with the aggravation of the condition, the serum expression is higher and higher. aEEG can effectively enhance the detection rate of such sufferers and help sufferers to receive therapy as soon as possible to ensure the prognosis of children.