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      Folliculo-Stellate Cells of Human Pituitary Adenomas: Immunohistochemical Study of the Monocyte/Macrophage Phenotype Expression

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          Abstract

          Folliculo-stellate cells (FS) represent a small percentage of anterior pituitary elements of still undetermined embryological origin. They are sparse among endocrine pituitary cells and are characterized by the lack of secretory granules and by the presence of few branching processes inserted between hormone-secreting cells. Although FS cell role is still under discussion, recent reports showed that they produce monocyte-derived cytokines able to influence the hormone production and modulate the immunoendocrine connections.In this study we applied three monocyte-macrophage markers (HAM56, KP1, HLA-DR) to 15 pituitary adenomas in order to ascertain whether FS cells belong to the macrophage lineage. In this case FS cells could be considered the resident macrophages of the pituitary. FS cells were identified according to the reactivity to S-100, GFAP and vimentin. We confirm that S-100 represents the most useful marker for these cells that were detected scattered between tumor cells in more than half of the adenomas. GFAP stained only a percentage of FS cells, while vimentin recognized in addition to stellate cells endothelia, perivascular and infiltrating macrophages. We were unable to detect the expression of the macrophage markers on S-100 and GFAP reactive cells. Indeed, HAM56, KP1 and HLA-DR-positive cells were mostly round, small size and located in the perivascular and septal positions where FS cells were never detected. Lack of expression of monocyte-macrophage lineage markers by FS cells in pituitary adenomas suggests their preferential neuroectodermal origin. However, further studies on normal human pituitary will be needed before ruling out a possible role for FS cells as resident pituitary macrophages.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          NEN
          Neuroendocrinology
          10.1159/issn.0028-3835
          Neuroendocrinology
          S. Karger AG
          0028-3835
          1423-0194
          1997
          1997
          09 April 2008
          : 65
          : 1
          : 47-52
          Affiliations
          aDepartment of Neurology and Psychiatry (2nd Neurological Clinic), University of Padua, and bDivision of Neurosurgery, Padua, Italy; cDepartment of Neuropathology, Institute of Neurology, University of London, UK
          Article
          127163 Neuroendocrinology 1997;65:47–52
          10.1159/000127163
          9032773
          © 1997 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Pages: 6
          Categories
          Neuroimmune Interactions

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