2
views
0
recommends
+1 Recommend
1 collections
    0
    shares
      • Record: found
      • Abstract: found
      • Article: found

      Selective Hypoaldosteronism due to Combined Defects of the Conversion from Inactive Renin to Active Renin and the Aldosterone Biosynthesis from Corticosterone

      Read this article at

      ScienceOpenPublisherPubMed
      Bookmark
          There is no author summary for this article yet. Authors can add summaries to their articles on ScienceOpen to make them more accessible to a non-specialist audience.

          Abstract

          A 24-year-old Japanese woman with IgA nephropathy exhibited a decreased serum aldosterone level with normal plasma renin activity after toxemia of pregnancy. Our studies revealed selective hypoaldosteronism with normal adrenoglucocorticoid functions. Levels of serum corticosterone and deoxycorticosterone were normal. Resting plasma renin activity was normal, and plasma levels of total and inactive renin were increased. Rapid ACTH administration failed to stimulate any secretion of aldosterone, whereas it adequately increased serum cortisol, deoxycorticosterone, and corticosterone concentrations. Responses of both plasma renin activity and serum aldosterone level to the furosemide-posture challenge were blunted. Angiotensin II also failed to stimulate any secretion of aldosterone despite a progressive rise in blood pressure and an appropriate increase in serum corticosterone. These results suggest that combined defects of the conversion from inactive renin to active renin and aldosterone biosynthesis are the causes of selective hypoaldosteronism in our patient.

          Related collections

          Most cited references 1

          • Record: found
          • Abstract: found
          • Article: found

          Hyporeninemic Hypoaldosteronism in Patients with Nephrotic Syndrome

          Five nephrotic patients, who did not present sodium retention when on sodium balance, have been studied. All had membranous nephropathy, were normotensive and renal function was normal in 2 and slightly reduced in 3. The following parameters were measured: 24-hour excretion of aldosterone, the response of plasma renin activity (PRA) and of plasma aldosterone to upright posture, postural changes of the fractional excretion of sodium and lithium, and natriuretic response to spironolactone. The resting values of plasma aldosterone were low in all patients, and after stimulation by upright posture they increased hardly to the low-normal limit only in 1 patient. Resting PRA was normal in all patients and increased slightly, after stimulation. The 24-hour urinary excretion of aldosterone was low in 4 patients and borderline in 1. No natriuretic response to spironolactone was observed in any patients. After upright posture the fractional excretions of sodium and lithium decreased significantly and to the same extent in all patients. Four nephrotic patients with fluctuating, spontaneous episodes of sodium retention and of sodium excretion have been studied as controls. These patients had normal values of urinary aldosterone and of resting PRA and aldosterone. After upright posture the changes of PRA and of aldosterone were clearly evident in 2, and exaggerated in the other 2 patients. In these patients, a significant increase of sodium excretion occurred after treatment with spironolactone. These results suggest that a not negligible number of patients with nephrotic syndrome have hyporeninemic hypoaldosteronism. This diagnosis should be taken into account when investigating the role of aldosterone in sodium retention in nephrotic syndrome.
            Bookmark

            Author and article information

            Journal
            NEF
            Nephron
            10.1159/issn.1660-8151
            Nephron
            S. Karger AG
            1660-8151
            2235-3186
            2001
            2001
            22 June 2001
            : 88
            : 3
            : 247-253
            Affiliations
            Department of Nephrology, Jichi Medical School, Tochigi, Japan
            Article
            45997 Nephron 2001;88:247–253
            10.1159/000045997
            11423756
            © 2001 S. Karger AG, Basel

            Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

            Page count
            Figures: 3, Tables: 1, References: 38, Pages: 7
            Product
            Self URI (application/pdf): https://www.karger.com/Article/Pdf/45997
            Categories
            Case Report

            Comments

            Comment on this article