Ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury is a major cause of acute kidney injury, usually occurs during renal surgeries, and may eventually lead to chronic kidney diseases. However, effective therapeutic targets for renal I/R injury remain limited.
In the present study, we investigated whether inhibition of disruptor of telomeric silencing 1-like (Dot1l) could alleviate renal I/R in vivo and in vitro, as well as the potential mechanisms involved in this process.
Sprague–Dawley rats were subjected to right renal ischemia for 45 mins and reperfusion for 0, 7, or 14 days with and without the Dot1l inhibitor EPZ004777. In addition, human renal proximal tubular epithelial cell line human kidney-2 cells were subjected to the hypoxia/reoxygenation (H/R) process (ie, 3 hrs hypoxia, 12 hrs and 24 hrs reoxygenation), with or without Dot1l inhibitor or genetic knockdown.
Inhibition of Dot1l through EPZ004777 or genetic knockdown reduced the expression of alpha-smooth muscle actin, vimentin, and fibronectin in I/R- and H/R-induced injury. Moreover, H/R-induced fibrosis depended on oxidative stress in vitro. In addition, I/R- and H/R-induced generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) was attenuated by EPZ004777 or small interfering RNA for Dot1l. Furthermore, the elevation of ROS induced by Dot1l was regulated via phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K) and serine-threonine protein kinase (AKT) phosphorylation in vivo and in vitro.