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      Five-year results of laparoscopic Toupet fundoplication as the primary surgical repair in GERD patients: is it durable?

      Surgical Endoscopy

      Reoperation, Treatment Outcome, Female, Follow-Up Studies, Fundoplication, Aged, 80 and over, adverse effects, mortality, standards, Gastroesophageal Reflux, surgery, Humans, Laparoscopy, Male, Middle Aged, Prospective Studies, Recurrence, Adult, Aged

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          Most surgeons operate on gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) patients using the concept of "tailored approach," which depends on esophageal motility. We have abandoned this concept and performed laparoscopic Toupet fundoplication in all patients suffering from GERD, independent of their esophageal motility. In a prospective trial we have assessed and evaluated our 5-year results of the first 100 consecutive patients treated with laparoscopic Toupet fundoplication. All patients were evaluated preoperatively by endoscopy and 24-h pH manometry. The patients were followed up clinically 1, 2, 6, 12 and 60 months postoperatively. The course of clinical DeMeester score, appearance and treatment of wrap-related side-effects as well as long-term outcome and patient satisfaction were evaluated. The 5-year follow-up rate was 87%. Laparoscopic Toupet fundoplication achieved a 5-year healing rate of GERD in 85%. Of all operated patients, 3.5% had to be reinstalled on a regular PPI treatment because of postoperative GERD reappearance. The median clinical DeMeester score decreased from 4.27 +/- 1.5 points preoperatively to 0.47 +/- 0.9 points 5 years postoperatively (p < 0.0005). Because of persistent postoperative dysphagia, 5% of the patients required endoscopic dilatation therapy. Persistent postoperative gas-bloat syndrome occurred in 1.1%. Wrap dislocation was identified in 3.4% of patients. Reoperation rate was 5%. Total morbidity rate was 19.5% and operative related mortality rate was 0%. Overall, 96.6% of patients were pleased with their outcome at late follow-up, and 95.4% of patients stated they would consider undergoing laparoscopic fundoplication again if necessary. Our long-term results showing a low recurrence and morbidity rate of laparoscopic Toupet fundoplication encourage us to continue to perform this procedure as the primary surgical repair in all GERD patients, independent of their esophageal motility. Laparoscopic Toupet fundoplication has proven to be a safe and successful therapeutic option in GERD patients.

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