As reported, previous studies of Phoxinus phoxinus ujmonensis (Cypriniformes: Cyprinidae) have focused primarily on morphology and ecology. In this study, we cloned and sequenced the complete nucleotide sequence of the mitochondrial genome for P. phoxinus ujmonensis. The mitogenome was 17,738 bp in length, including 13 protein-coding genes, 22 transfer RNA genes, 2 ribosomal RNA genes and 1 control region. All genes were encoded on the heavy strain except for ND6 and eight tRNA genes. The overall base composition of the heavy strain was 28.50% for A, 28.24% for T, 25.32% for C and 17.94% for G. The control region was revealed to contain tandem repeats. The mitogenome data of P. phoxinus ujmonensis should contribute to phylogenetic analysis and studies of population genetics of Phoxinus fishes.