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      Properties of four human embryonic stem cell lines maintained in a feeder-free culture system.

      Developmental Dynamics

      Antigens, CD, biosynthesis, Cell Culture Techniques, methods, Cell Differentiation, Cell Line, Culture Media, Conditioned, Embryo, Mammalian, cytology, Flow Cytometry, Gene Expression Regulation, drug effects, physiology, Humans, Neurotransmitter Agents, pharmacology, Oligonucleotide Array Sequence Analysis, Stem Cells, metabolism, Telomerase, Transcription Factors

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          Abstract

          Several laboratories have begun evaluating human ES (hES) cell lines; however, direct comparisons between different hES cell lines have not been performed. We have characterized the properties of four human cell lines maintained in feeder-free culture conditions. Quantitative assessment of surface markers, microarray analysis of gene expression patterns, expression of SOX-2, UTF-1, Rex-1, OCT3/4, CRIPTO, and telomerase activity demonstrated similar patterns in all hES cell lines examined. Undifferentiated hES cells do not respond to neurotransmitters such as acetylcholine, glutamate, and gamma-aminobutyric acid. In addition, the undifferentiated hES cells possess gap junctions. Although similarities in marker expression were observed, allotyping showed that all four lines have a distinct HLA profile, predicting differences in transplantation responses. These data provide the first detailed comparison of different hES cell lines and demonstrate remarkable similarities among lines maintained in identical culture conditions. Copyright 2003 Wiley-Liss, Inc.

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          Journal
          14745950
          10.1002/dvdy.10431

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