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      Diagnostic accuracy of nodular gastritis for H. pylori infection

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          Abstract

          Background

          The term nodular is not included in the Sydney classification and there is no widely accepted histopathological definition. It has been proposed that the presence of antral nodularity could predict Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infection. The aim of this study was to determine the diagnostic accuracy of nodular gastritis (NG) for H. pylori infection after a rigorous standardization process, and to describe the associated histopathological characteristics.

          Materials and methods

          Endoscopic images of patients submitted to endoscopy with biopsy sampling were included. Endoscopic images were distributed among six endoscopists. The analysis was performed sequentially in three rounds: the first round assessed the interobserver variability, the second evaluated the intraobserver variability, and the third calculated the interobserver variability after training. A correlation analysis between endoscopic and histopathological findings was performed.

          Results

          A total of 917 studies were included. In the first analysis of interobserver variability, a poor kappa value (0.078) was obtained. The second evaluation yielded good intraobserver variability, with kappa values of 0.62–0.86. The evaluation of interobserver variability after training revealed an improvement in the kappa value of 0.42. A correlation was found between endoscopic images and histopathological reports.

          Conclusion

          There was a strong correlation between NG and H. pylori, but only after rigorous evaluation. The use of the term NG requires extensive standardization before it can be used clinically.

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          Most cited references 12

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          Classification and grading of gastritis. The updated Sydney System. International Workshop on the Histopathology of Gastritis, Houston 1994.

          The Sydney System for the classification of gastritis emphasized the importance of combining topographical, morphological, and etiological information into a schema that would help to generate reproducible and clinically useful diagnoses. To reappraise the Sydney System 4 years after its introduction, a group of gastrointestinal pathologists from various parts of the world met in Houston, Texas, in September 1994. The aims of the workshop were (a) to establish an agreed terminology of gastritis; (b) to identify, define, and attempt to resolve some of the problems associated with the Sydney System. This article introduces the Sydney System as it was revised at the Houston Gastritis Workshop and represents the consensus of the participants. Overall, the principles and grading of the Sydney System were only slightly modified, the grading being aided by the provision of a visual analogue scale. The terminology of the final classification has been improved to emphasize the distinction between the atrophic and nonatrophic stomach; the names used for each entity were selected because they are generally acceptable to both pathologists and gastroenterologists. In addition to the main categories and atrophic and nonatrophic gastritis, the special or distinctive forms are described and their respective diagnostic criteria are provided. The article includes practical guidelines for optimal biopsy sampling of the stomach, for the use of the visual analogue scales for grading the histopathologic features, and for the formulation of a comprehensive standardized diagnosis. A glossary of gastritis-related terms as used in this article is provided.
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            Nodular gastritis in adults is caused by Helicobacter pylori infection.

            A close relationship exists between nodular gastritis and Helicobacter pylori infection in children. The pathogenesis and optimal management of nodular gastritis in adults, however, are unclear. This study describes the clinicopathologic features of nodular gastritis in adults and correlates treatment with outcome. Of 97,262 adult patients who underwent endoscopy, 187 (0.19%) were diagnosed with nodular gastritis, 151 (81%) of whom had dyspepsia. Nodular gastritis predominantly affects young women (49 men and 138 women, mean age, 32.6 years). All 134 patients tested for Helicobacter pylori infection were infected, and 65/66 (98%) had inflammation of both the antrum and the corpus. Twenty-five (13%) had associated lesions (peptic ulcers or cancer). Dyspepsia improved after eradication of Helicobacter pylori infection, but did not improve spontaneously. Nodular gastritis in adults is caused by Helicobacter pylori infection and shows a predilection for females and young adults. Helicobacter pylori eradication decreases symptoms and reduces the risk of peptic ulcers and possibly gastric cancer.
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              VassarStats: Website for Statistical Computation

               R. LOWRY,  R Lowry,  RB Lowry (2015)
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                Author and article information

                Journal
                Ther Clin Risk Manag
                Ther Clin Risk Manag
                Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management
                Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management
                Dove Medical Press
                1176-6336
                1178-203X
                2017
                16 December 2016
                : 13
                : 9-14
                Affiliations
                [1 ]Obesity and Digestive Diseases Unit, Medica Sur Clinic & Foundation
                [2 ]Department of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy, Instituto Nacional de Ciencias Médicas y Nutrición Salvador Zubirán
                [3 ]Translational Research Unit, Medica Sur Clinic & Foundation, Mexico City, Mexico
                Author notes
                Correspondence: Norberto C Chávez-Tapia, Obesity and Digestive Diseases Unit, Medica Sur Clinic & Foundation, Puente de Piedra 150 Toriello Guerra Tlalpan, Mexico City 14050, Mexico, Tel +52 55 5424 6850, Email khavez@ 123456gmail.com
                Article
                tcrm-13-009
                10.2147/TCRM.S121735
                5179200
                © 2017 Romero-Flores et al. This work is published and licensed by Dove Medical Press Limited

                The full terms of this license are available at https://www.dovepress.com/terms.php and incorporate the Creative Commons Attribution – Non Commercial (unported, v3.0) License ( http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/). By accessing the work you hereby accept the Terms. Non-commercial uses of the work are permitted without any further permission from Dove Medical Press Limited, provided the work is properly attributed.

                Categories
                Original Research

                Medicine

                sensitivity, specificity, endoscopy, histopathologic

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