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      Activity of Urinary Kallikreinin Patients with Hypertensive Disorders of Pregnancy

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          Preeclampsia -- a state of sympathetic overactivity.

          Preeclampsia is characterized by a marked increase in peripheral vascular resistance leading to an increase in blood pressure, but the triggering mechanisms are unclear. To determine whether augmented sympathetic vasoconstrictor activity may be an important mechanism in mediating the increase in vasomotor tone, we measured postganglionic sympathetic-nerve activity in the blood vessels of skeletal muscle by means of intraneural microelectrodes in nine women with preeclampsia, eight normotensive pregnant women, six normotensive nonpregnant women, and seven nonpregnant women with hypertension, both at rest and during noninvasive cardiovascular-reflex testing (with the Valsalva maneuver and the cold pressor test). The mean (+/-SE) rate of sympathetic-nerve activity in the normotensive pregnant women (10+/-1 bursts per minute) was not significantly different from that in normotensive nonpregnant women (12+/-2 bursts per minute) or hypertensive nonpregnant women (15+/-3 bursts per minute). In contrast, the rate of sympathetic-nerve activity in the patients with preeclampsia (33+/-3 bursts per minute) was more than three times as high as that in the normotensive pregnant women (P<0.05) and more than twice as high as in the group of nonpregnant women with hypertension (P<0.05). Hemodynamic and sympathetic-nerve responses to both reflex tests did not differ significantly among the four groups. Six patients with preeclampsia were studied again after delivery; mean sympathetic-nerve activity at that time had decreased significantly from the value during pregnancy (from 36+/-4 to 13+/-2 bursts per minute, P<0.01), as had mean arterial pressure (from 118+/-3 to 96+/-1 mm Hg, P<0.01). Preeclampsia is a state of sympathetic overactivity, which reverts to normal after delivery. Our data indicate that the increases in peripheral vascular resistance and blood pressure that characterize this disorder are mediated, at least in part, by a substantial increase in sympathetic vasoconstrictor activity.
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            Role of HTLV-I in development of non-Hodgkin lymphoma in Jamaica and Trinidad and Tobago

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              Author and article information

              Journal
              NEF
              Nephron
              10.1159/issn.1660-8151
              Nephron
              S. Karger AG
              1660-8151
              2235-3186
              1998
              August 1998
              29 July 1998
              : 79
              : 4
              : 481-482
              Affiliations
              a Department of Internal Medicine of Granada University Hospital, and b Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology of the Granada University Hospital, Granada, Spain
              Article
              45100 Nephron 1998;79:481–482
              10.1159/000045100
              9689170
              © 1998 S. Karger AG, Basel

              Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

              Page count
              Pages: 2
              Product
              Self URI (application/pdf): https://www.karger.com/Article/Pdf/45100
              Categories
              Letter to the Editor

              Cardiovascular Medicine, Nephrology

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