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      Maintaining a focus on opportunities at work: The interplay between age, job complexity, and the use of selection, optimization, and compensation strategies

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      Journal of Organizational Behavior

      Wiley-Blackwell

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          Most cited references 68

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          A Monte Carlo study of the effects of correlated method variance in moderated multiple regression analysis

           Martin Evans (1985)
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            On the incomplete architecture of human ontogeny. Selection, optimization, and compensation as foundation of developmental theory.

             P B Baltes (1997)
            Drawing on both evolutionary and ontogenetic perspectives, the basic biological-genetic and social-cultural architecture of human development is outlined. Three principles are involved. First, evolutionary selection pressure predicts a negative age correlation, and therefore, genome-based plasticity and biological potential decrease with age. Second, for growth aspects of human development to extend further into the life span, culture-based resources are required at ever-increasing levels. Third, because of age-related losses in biological plasticity, the efficiency of culture is reduced as life span development unfolds. Joint application of these principles suggests that the life span architecture becomes more and more incomplete with age. Degree of completeness can be defined as the ratio between gains and losses in functioning. Two examples illustrate the implications of the life span architecture proposed. The first is a general theory of development involving the orchestration of 3 component processes: selection, optimization, and compensation. The second considers the task of completing the life course in the sense of achieving a positive balance between gains and losses for all age levels. This goal is increasingly more difficult to attain as human development is extended into advanced old age.
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              THE VALIDITY OF THE JOB CHARACTERISTICS MODEL: A REVIEW AND META-ANALYSIS

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                Author and article information

                Journal
                Journal of Organizational Behavior
                J. Organiz. Behav.
                Wiley-Blackwell
                08943796
                February 2011
                February 2011
                : 32
                : 2
                : 291-318
                Article
                10.1002/job.683
                © 2011
                Product
                Self URI (article page): http://doi.wiley.com/10.1002/job.683

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