2
views
0
recommends
+1 Recommend
1 collections
    0
    shares
      • Record: found
      • Abstract: found
      • Article: found

      Evidence of Morphological and Functional Abnormalities in the Hypothalamus of Growth-Hormone-Deficient Children: A Combined Magnetic Resonance Imaging and Endocrine Study

      Read this article at

      ScienceOpenPublisherPubMed
      Bookmark
          There is no author summary for this article yet. Authors can add summaries to their articles on ScienceOpen to make them more accessible to a non-specialist audience.

          Abstract

          Fifty-seven children with growth hormone deficiency and 15 healthy age-matched controls were studied by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Of the patients, 36 (63%) had isolated GH deficiency (IGHD) and 21 (37%) multiple pituitary hormone deficiency (MPHD). MRI studies showed a marked reduction in pituitary volume in all patients in comparison with normal controls. Moreover, a striking morphological abnormality with the apparent absence of the pituitary stalk and an ectopic posterior pituitary lobe was detected in 34 of the patients (59%). This pituitary stalk abnormality was detected in 95% of the MPHD patients and in 39% of the IGHD patients. All but one of the patients with a normal pituitary stalk had IGHD. Endocrine evaluation showed no correlation with MRI data: in particular patients with an apparent anatomical interruption of the hypothalamic-pituitary axis showed a variety of patterns of hormonal responses. In conclusion, our study shows a high frequency of hypothalamic-pituitary anomalies in patients with GH deficiency, particularly related with MPHD. However, further studies are needed to improve our understanding of the relationship between MRI and endocrine data.

          Related collections

          Author and article information

          Journal
          HRE
          Horm Res Paediatr
          10.1159/issn.1663-2818
          Hormone Research in Paediatrics
          S. Karger AG
          1663-2818
          1663-2826
          1990
          1990
          02 December 2008
          : 34
          : 5-6
          : 189-192
          Affiliations
          Departments of aPediatrics, Endocrine Unit, and bNeuroradiology, University of Milan, Scientific Instiute H San Raffaele, Milan, Italy
          Article
          181823 Horm Res 1990;34:189–192
          10.1159/000181823
          2100274
          © 1990 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Pages: 4
          Categories
          Original Paper

          Comments

          Comment on this article