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      Serum composition of Aedes aegypti (Diptera: Culicidae) larvae and the production of an oviposition repellent are influenced by infection with the entomopathogenic digenean Plagiorchis elegans (Trematoda: Plagiorchiidae), starvation, and crowding.

      Journal of Medical Entomology

      Aedes, parasitology, physiology, Amino Acids, analysis, Animals, Crowding, Digestive System Physiological Phenomena, Female, Hemolymph, chemistry, Insect Proteins, Larva, Oviposition, Starvation, Trematoda, pathogenicity

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          Abstract

          Subjecting Aedes aegypti (L.) larvae to conditions that induced the production of oviposition repellency also reduced their wet and dry weights and the concentration of total serum carbohydrates, amino acids, and proteins. Thus, infection with metacercariae of the entomopathogenic digenean Plagiorchis elegans (Rudolphi), starvation for 7 d, or crowding for 2 d reduced larval dry weights by as much as 32, 20, and 23%, respectively, and wet weights by 20, 14, and 11%, respectively. Total serum carbohydrates declined by as much as 36, 21, and 29% for infected, starved, and crowded larvae, respectively, amino acids by 39, 48, and 44%, and protein concentrations by 72, 63, and 62%, respectively. Repellency dilution titers were correlated inversely with movement of the mouth parts and gut. Incubation of infected, starved, and crowded larvae in 0.01 g/liter glucose greatly reduced the level of repellency of their waters, whereas adding glucose to repellent waters had only minor effects. Results indicate that the induction of repellency is associated strongly with nutritional depletion effects.

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