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      Mecanismos de resistencia en aislados clínicos de Klebsiella pneumoniae Translated title: Mecanismos de resistência em isolados clínicos de Klebsiella pneumoniae Translated title: Resistance mechanisms in clinical isolates of Klebsiella pneumoniae


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          Resumen La bacteria Klebsiella pneumoniae es la causante de infecciones intrahospitalarias multirresistentes, posee diversos mecanismos de resistencia como la producción de enzimas betalactamasas cuya acción afecta a los antibióticos betalactámicos. Objetivo: Caracterizar los mecanismos de resistencia presentes en aislados clínicos con Klebsiella pneumoniae identificados mediante métodos fenotípicos en el Hospital Monte Sinai desde enero de 2018 hasta agosto de 2020. Materiales y métodos: Estudio positivista con un enfoque cuantitativo de corte transversal descriptivo de diseño documental. La población estuvo conformada por 274 datos de aislados clínicos identificados con Klebsiella pneumoniae. Los cuales conformaron la totalidad de la muestra con un muestreo por cobertura total. Mismos que fueron recopilados de fuentes secundarias ingresados en la base de datos del departamento de Microbiología. Para el análisis se utilizó estadística descriptiva. Resultados: Klebsiella pneumoniae mostró mayor frecuencia en el año 2020 con el 35%. Se identificó al mecanismo de resistencia BLEE con el 27,7% y carbapenemasas tipo KPC con el 7.7 %, con mayor presencia en el sexo masculino. Presentó una mayor resistencia a Penicilinas, una sensibilidad moderada a Cefalosporinas, Aminoglucósidos, Quinolonas y una alta sensibilidad a los Carbapenémicos, Tigeciclina y Colistina. Los aislados se clasificaron como multidrogorresistentes, con mayor frecuencia en Urocultivo, Aspirado bronquial, Líquido corporal, Punta de Catéter y Hemocultivo en áreas de Hospitalización, UCI y Neonatología. Conclusiones: Los mecanismos de resistencia de K. pneumoniae a los antibióticos son un hallazgo común en ambientes hospitalarios independientemente de sexo, servicio hospitalario o tipo de muestra, convirtiéndose en un problema de salud pública.

          Translated abstract

          Resumo A bactéria Klebsiella pneumoniae é causa de infecções intra-hospitalares multirresistentes, possui diversos mecanismos de resistência como a produção de enzimas beta-lactamase cuja ação afeta os antibióticos beta-lactâmicos. Objetivo: Caracterizar os mecanismos de resistência presentes em isolados clínicos de Klebsiella pneumoniae identificados por métodos fenotípicos no Hospital Monte Sinai de janeiro de 2018 a agosto de 2020. Materiais e métodos: Estudo positivista com abordagem quantitativa transversal descritiva do design documental. A população consistia em 274 dados de isolados clínicos identificados com Klebsiella pneumoniae. O que constituiu toda a amostra com uma amostra de cobertura total. Os mesmos que foram coletados em fontes secundárias e cadastrados no banco de dados do departamento de Microbiologia. Estatísticas descritivas foram utilizadas para a análise. Resultados: Klebsiella pneumoniae apresentou maior frequência em 2020 com 35%. O mecanismo de resistência a ESBL foi identificado com 27,7% e carbapenemases do tipo KPC com 7,7%, com maior presença no sexo masculino. Apresentou maior resistência às Penicilinas, sensibilidade moderada às Cefalosporinas, Aminoglicosídeos, Quinolonas e alta sensibilidade aos Carbapenêmicos, Tigeciclina e Colistina. Os isolados foram classificados como multirresistentes, com maior frequência em Urocultura, Aspirado Brônquico, Fluido Corporal, Ponta de Cateter e Hemocultura em Hospitalização, UTI e Neonatologia. Conclusões: Os mecanismos de resistência de K. pneumoniae aos antibióticos são um achado comum em ambientes hospitalares independentemente do sexo, serviço hospitalar ou tipo de amostra, tornando-se um problema de saúde pública.

          Translated abstract

          Abstract The bacterium Klebsiella pneumoniae is the cause of multiresistant intrahospital infections, it has various resistance mechanisms such as the production of beta-lactamase enzymes whose action affects beta-lactam antibiotics. Objective: To characterize the resistance mechanisms present in clinical isolates with Klebsiella pneumoniae identified by phenotypic methods at Monte Sinai Hospital from January 2018 to August 2020. Materials and methods: Positivist study with a descriptive cross-sectional quantitative approach to documentary design. The population consisted of 274 data from clinical isolates identified with Klebsiella pneumoniae. Which made up the entire sample with a total coverage sampling. The same ones that were collected from secondary sources entered in the database of the Microbiology department. Descriptive statistics were used for the analysis. Results: Klebsiella pneumoniae showed a higher frequency in 2020 with 35%. The ESBL resistance mechanism was identified with 27.7% and KPC-type carbapenemases with 7.7%, with a higher presence in males. It presented a greater resistance to Penicillins, a moderate sensitivity to Cephalosporins, Aminoglycosides, Quinolones and a high sensitivity to Carbapenems, Tigecycline and Colistin. The isolates were classified as multidrug resistant, more frequently in Urine culture, Bronchial aspirate, Body fluid, Catheter Tip and Blood culture in Hospitalization, ICU and Neonatology areas. Conclusions: The resistance mechanisms of K. pneumoniae to antibiotics are a common finding in hospital settings regardless of sex, hospital service or type of sample, becoming a public health problem.

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          Most cited references31

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          Molecular mechanisms of antibiotic resistance.

          Antibiotic-resistant bacteria that are difficult or impossible to treat are becoming increasingly common and are causing a global health crisis. Antibiotic resistance is encoded by several genes, many of which can transfer between bacteria. New resistance mechanisms are constantly being described, and new genes and vectors of transmission are identified on a regular basis. This article reviews recent advances in our understanding of the mechanisms by which bacteria are either intrinsically resistant or acquire resistance to antibiotics, including the prevention of access to drug targets, changes in the structure and protection of antibiotic targets and the direct modification or inactivation of antibiotics.
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            Klebsiella pneumoniae: a major worldwide source and shuttle for antibiotic resistance.

            Klebsiella pneumoniae is an important multidrug-resistant (MDR) pathogen affecting humans and a major source for hospital infections associated with high morbidity and mortality due to limited treatment options. We summarize the wide resistome of this pathogen, which encompasses plentiful chromosomal and plasmid-encoded antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs). Under antibiotic selective pressure, K. pneumoniae continuously accumulates ARGs, by de novo mutations, and via acquisition of plasmids and transferable genetic elements, leading to extremely drug resistant (XDR) strains harboring a 'super resistome'. In the last two decades, numerous high-risk (HiR) MDR and XDR K. pneumoniae sequence types have emerged showing superior ability to cause multicontinent outbreaks, and continuous global dissemination. The data highlight the complex evolution of MDR and XDR K. pneumoniae, involving transfer and spread of ARGs, and epidemic plasmids in highly disseminating successful clones. With the worldwide catastrophe of antibiotic resistance and the urgent need to identify the main pathogens that pose a threat on the future of infectious diseases, further studies are warranted to determine the epidemic traits and plasmid acquisition in K. pneumoniae. There is a need for future genomic and translational studies to decipher specific targets in HiR clones to design targeted prevention and treatment.
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              The epidemiology of carbapenemases in Latin America and the Caribbean.

              Enterobacteriaceae, Pseudomonas spp., and Acinetobacter spp. infections are major causes of morbidity and mortality, especially due to the emergence and spread of β-lactamases. Carbapenemases, which are β-lactamases with the capacity to hydrolyze or inactivate carbapenems, have become a serious concern as they have the largest hydrolytic spectrum and therefore limit the utility of most β-lactam antibiotics. Areas covered: Here, we present an update of the current status of carbapenemases in Latin America and the Caribbean. Expert commentary: The increased frequency of reports on carbapenemases in Latin America and the Caribbean shows that they have successfully spread and have even become endemic in some countries. Countries such as Brazil, Colombia, Argentina, and Mexico account for the majority of these reports. Early suspicion and detection along with implementation of antimicrobial stewardship programs in all healthcare settings are crucial for the control and prevention of carbapenemase-producing bacteria.

                Author and article information

                Vive Revista de Salud
                Vive Rev. Salud
                CET-BOLIVIA (La Paz, , Bolivia )
                December 2021
                : 4
                : 12
                : 9-22
                [1] orgname
                [2] orgname
                S2664-32432021000300009 S2664-3243(21)00401200009

                This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

                : 14 May 2021
                : 08 June 2021
                Page count
                Figures: 0, Tables: 0, Equations: 0, References: 31, Pages: 14

                SciELO Bolivia


                Carbapenemasa,Resistência aos beta-lactâmicos,Infecção Hospitalar,Carbapenemase,Betalactamases,Klebsiella pneumoniae,beta-Lactam Resistance,Hospital Infection,beta-Lactamases,Resistencia a los betalactámicos,Infección Hospitalaria,Betalactamasas


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