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      Microvascular Retinal and Choroidal Changes in Retinal Vein Occlusion Analyzed by Two Different Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography Devices

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          Abstract

          Purpose: To investigate retinal and choroidal microvascular changes and structural choroidal involvement in retinal vein occlusion (RVO). Methods: Retrospective analysis of treatment-naïve macular edema secondary to RVO, studied by optical coherence tomography (OCT) and OCT angiography (OCTA), before and after the loading phase of intravitreal injections of ranibizumab (IVR-LP). OCTA was performed using two different devices: AngioVue RTVue XR Avanti (spectral-domain OCTA) and Zeiss PLEX® Elite 9000 (swept-source OCTA). Results: 30 eyes of 30 consecutive patients (17 branch and 13 central RVO) were included. Central macular thickness and subfoveal choroidal thickness (SCT) were significantly reduced after IVR-LP ( p < 0.001 and p = 0.046, respectively). 23 eyes were eligible for OCTA analysis. Baseline vessel density (VD) in deep capillary plexus (DCP) was significantly reduced in RVO eyes compared with fellow eyes ( p = 0.03 and p = 0.002 for PLEX® Elite and AngioVue, respectively). After IVR-LP, no significant VD changes in any vascular layer was found. PLEX® Elite VD analysis showed significant differences in DCP between ischemic versus non-is­chemic eyes ( p = 0.011). Conclusion: OCTA suggests a retinal vascular impairment of DCP but no involvement of choroid in RVO eyes. A greater baseline SCT could be due to a choroidal exudation. OCTA imaged with PLEX® Elite allowed to differentiate ischemic and non-ischemic patients at baseline.

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          Most cited references 13

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          Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography in Retinal Vein Occlusion: Evaluation of Superficial and Deep Capillary Plexa.

          To evaluate the optical coherence tomography angiography (OCT angiography) appearance of the superficial and deep capillary plexa in eyes with retinal vein occlusion (RVO) and to compare these findings with those of fluorescein angiography (FA) and spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD OCT).
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            Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography in Retinal Vascular Diseases and Choroidal Neovascularization

            Purpose. To assess the ability of optical coherence tomography-angiography (OCT-A) to show and analyze retinal vascular patterns and the choroidal neovascularization (CNV) in retinal vascular diseases. Methods. Seven eyes of seven consecutive patients with retinal vascular diseases were examined. Two healthy subjects served as controls. All eyes were scanned with the SD-OCT XR Avanti (Optovue Inc, Fremont CA, USA). Split spectrum amplitude decorrelation angiography algorithm was used to identify the blood flow within the tissue. Fluorescein angiography (FA) and indocyanine green angiography (ICGA) with Spectralis HRA + OCT (Heidelberg Engineering GmbH) were performed. Results. In healthy subjects OCT-A visualized major macular vessels and detailed capillary networks around the foveal avascular zone. Patients were affected with myopic CNV (2 eyes), age-related macular degeneration related (2), branch retinal vein occlusion (BRVO) (2), and branch retinal artery occlusion (BRAO) (1). OCT-A images provided distinct vascular patterns, distinguishing perfused and nonperfused areas in BRVO and BRAO and recognizing the presence, location, and size of CNV. Conclusions. OCT-A provides detailed images of retinal vascular plexuses and quantitative data of pathologic structures. Further studies are warranted to define the role of OCT-A in the assessment of retinovascular diseases, with respect to conventional FA and ICG-A.
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              Retinal Microvasculature and Visual Acuity in Eyes With Branch Retinal Vein Occlusion: Imaging Analysis by Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography.

              To investigate microvascular changes in the superficial capillary plexus (SCP) and deep capillary plexus (DCP) in eyes with resolved branch retinal vein occlusion (BRVO) and their association with best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA).
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                Author and article information

                Journal
                OPH
                Ophthalmologica
                10.1159/issn.0030-3755
                Ophthalmologica
                S. Karger AG
                0030-3755
                1423-0267
                2019
                June 2019
                05 February 2019
                : 242
                : 1
                : 8-15
                Affiliations
                aIRCCS – Fondazione Bietti, Rome, Italy
                bDepartment of Ophthalmology, University Vita-Salute, IRCCS Ospedale San Raffaele, Milan, Italy
                Author notes
                *Prof. Giuseppe Querques, Department of Ophthalmology, University Vita-Salute, IRCCS Ospedale San Raffaele, Via Olgettina 60, IT–20132 Milan (Italy), E-Mail giuseppe.querques@hotmail.it
                Article
                496195 Ophthalmologica 2019;242:8–15
                10.1159/000496195
                30721901
                © 2019 S. Karger AG, Basel

                Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

                Page count
                Figures: 1, Tables: 3, Pages: 8
                Categories
                Research Article

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