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      The social competence of children born prematurely: effects of medical complications and parent behaviors.

      1 , , , ,
      Child development

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          Abstract

          36-month-old, full-term children (n = 21) and low-birthweight (LBW) children of high (n = 25) and low (n = 23) medical risk status were observed in interactions with mothers in teaching and social context. Child compliance, self-directed behaviors, and problem behaviors were evaluated as well as associations among aspects of children's social competence, mothers' behaviors, and context factors. Degree of medical risk was associated with impairments in children's self-directed behavior and quality of response to maternal directives. Mothers of LBW children showed a smaller proportion of behaviors that provided choices compared to mothers of full-term children. Medical complications, children's cognitive status, and mothers' interactive behaviors were significantly associated with LBW children's social competence. Results of regression analyses suggested that mothers and LBW children influence each others' behavior in ways similar to mothers and full-term children in both teaching and social contexts.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          Child Dev
          Child development
          0009-3920
          0009-3920
          Oct 1990
          : 61
          : 5
          Affiliations
          [1 ] Department of Pediatrics, University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, TX 77550.
          Article
          10.2307/1130768
          2245750
          d1db1271-20bb-470a-ab3a-467a647c3ecb
          History

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