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      MPO-ANCA-Associated Small Vessel Vasculitis Presenting as Fever of Unknown Origin

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          Abstract

          Microscopic polyangiitis (MPA) is an antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (ANCA) associated small vessel vasculitis which can present with various clinical manifestations, for which the mainstay of treatment is systemic corticosteroids and immunosuppressants. We report a case of a 54-year-old female admitted to the hospital because of fever during the last month, leukocytosis and elevated erythrocyte sedimentation rate. Persistence of elevated serum creatinine levels and accompanying hematuria led us to perform a renal biopsy, and MPA was diagnosed on the basis of light and immunofluorescence microscopy. Remission was induced with oral corticosteroids and cyclophosphamide therapy in conjunction with plasmapheresis (PF). The objective of this report was to assess the role of PF in the treatment of MPA and report on its utility in patients with MPA who are not responding to standard therapy or who require unacceptably high doses of steroids or immunosuppressants. In a patient presenting with fever of unknown origin, microscopic polyangiitis should also be considered in the differential diagnosis.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          NEF
          Nephron
          10.1159/issn.1660-8151
          Nephron
          S. Karger AG
          1660-8151
          2235-3186
          2002
          September 2002
          26 September 2002
          : 92
          : 3
          : 673-675
          Affiliations
          Departments of aNephrology, bImmunology, cHematology-Oncology and dPathology, Adnan Menderes University Medical School, Aydın, Turkey
          Article
          64068 Nephron 2002;92:673–675
          10.1159/000064068
          12372953
          © 2002 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Figures: 2, References: 10, Pages: 3
          Product
          Self URI (application/pdf): https://www.karger.com/Article/Pdf/64068
          Categories
          Case Report

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