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      Effect of Ovariectomy on Glomerular Injury in Hypercholesterolemic Female Imai Rats

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          Abstract

          To clarify the pathogenesis of focal and segmental glomerulosclerosis, we investigated the effect of ovariectomy in hypercholesterolemic female Imai rats. At 5 weeks of age, control female (group 1) and control male rats (group 3) were sham-operated, female rats (group 2) were ovariectomized and male rats (group 4) were castrated. Body weight, blood pressure, urinary protein and serum constituents were checked every 2 months from 2 through 12 months of age. All groups were studied morphologically at 6 months of age and further female groups (1 and 2) studied at 12 months. Both control female and control male rats developed marked proteinuria, to a significantly greater extent in the male rats. Castration reduced proteinuria, while ovariectomy did not influence it and there were no significant differences in proteinuria among the control females, the ovariectomized females and the castrated males. Control male rats had significantly lower serum albumin levels, higher cholesterol levels and a significantly greater impairment of renal function in blood urea nitrogen (BUN) levels than did the control female rats at 6 months. Castration significantly increased serum albumin levels and lowered BUN levels, while ovariectomy did not basically influence these values in the female rats. The glomerulosclerosis index at 6 months of age was significantly higher in the control males than in the control females. Castration attenuated glomerular injury, while ovariectomy aggravated glomerular injury to the same levels as found in the castrated males. This aggravating effect of ovariectomy observed at 6 months, however, disappeared at 12 months. These results suggested that sex-related factors regulated by the ovaries may play an inhibitory role in the development of glomerulosclerosis before 6 months of age, but not thereafter, in hypercholesterolemic female Imai rats.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          NEF
          Nephron
          10.1159/issn.1660-8151
          Nephron
          S. Karger AG
          1660-8151
          2235-3186
          1996
          1996
          18 December 2008
          : 72
          : 1
          : 72-78
          Affiliations
          Department of Internal Medicine, Saga Medical School, Saga, Japan
          Article
          188809 Nephron 1996;72:72–78
          10.1159/000188809
          8903864
          © 1996 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Pages: 7
          Categories
          Original Paper

          Cardiovascular Medicine, Nephrology

          Glomerulosclerosis, Ovariectomy, Spontaneous proteinuria

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