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      Cosmética sustentable: Propuesta de guía para la certificación de cosméticos ecológicos en Venezuela Translated title: Sustainable Cosmetic: Guidelines Proposal for Certification of Ecological Cosmetics in Venezuela

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          Abstract

          Las universidades son centros de producción de conocimiento y de desarrollo científico y tecnológico. Asimismo, una de sus responsabilidades es promover en la sociedad la preservación del medio que nos rodea. Investigadores en el área cosmética de la Universidad Central de Venezuela, preocupados por el medio ambiente y los consumidores, diseñaron una propuesta venezolana como guía para la estandarización y clasificación de los cosméticos ecológicos. Conociendo que las economías de América Latina y del Caribe dependen en su mayoría de la productividad de sus ecosistemas, esta guía contribuirá como una herramienta para el desarrollo sustentable en los países de la región. Para su elaboración, se tomó en consideración la situación actual de estos países. Igualmente, se tomó en cuenta los reglamentos establecidos por los organismos internacionales para la certificación de cosméticos ecológicos más empleados en Latinoamérica. Adicionalmente, se estableció comunicación directa con algunos organismos certificadores y se realizó una revisión bibliográfica de revistas cosméticas de reconocido prestigio. Al comparar los diferentes procedimientos de certificación, se encontraron coincidencias en cuanto al uso de las materias primas permitidas, materiales de empaque y requerimientos para las empresas fabricantes. Sin embargo, se observaron diferencias tanto para la clasificación del producto, basado en el contenido del mismo, así como en los requerimientos exigidos en el texto de la etiqueta. Esta guía podría contribuir con el diseño de una legislación venezolana en materia de productos ecológicos que desarrolle ventajas competitivas en el mercado y que permita alcanzar con éxito el comercio de integración regional.

          Translated abstract

          The universities are centers for knowledge production and scientific and technological development. Therefore, one of their responsibilities is to encourage the society to preserve the environment. Cosmetic researchers at the Universidad Central de Venezuela, aware of the environment as well as the necessities of the consumers, designed a proposal Venezuelan Guide for the Standardization and Classification of Ecologic Cosmetics. Ever since the economies of Latin America and the Caribbean highly depend on the productivity of the ecosystems; this guide will represent a tool for sustainable development for the countries in the region. The guide was elaborated taking into consideration the current situation of those countries. The design of the guide takes into account the rules established by the international bodies on the certification of ecologic cosmetics - mostly used in the Latin American countries-. In addition, direct communications with certifying agencies as well as important cosmetic journals were used. As we compared the different certification procedures used by the agencies, we found consensus in matters of the using of raw materials, packing materials and the requirements for these cosmetic producers. Nevertheless, there was a discrepancy in the classification of ecologic products based on their contents, as well as the information required in the labeling of the products. This guide will help to design a Venezuelan legislation on ecologic cosmetic products that will develop advantages on the market in terms of competition and, at the same time, achieving the access of these products on the regional integration markets.

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          Most cited references16

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          Occurrence and biodegradability studies of selected pharmaceuticals and personal care products in sewage effluent

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            Exposure data for cosmetic products: facial cleanser, hair conditioner, and eye shadow.

            Reliable exposure information for cosmetic and other personal care products and ingredients is needed in order to conduct safety assessments. Essential information includes both the amount of product applied, and the frequency of use. To obtain current data, a study to assess consumer use practices was undertaken. Three widely used types of cosmetic products - facial cleanser, hair conditioner, and eye shadow - were included in the study. Three hundred and sixty women, ages 18-69 years, who regularly use the products of interest, were recruited nationwide within the US. Subjects were provided with a new container of the brand of product they normally use and kept diaries and recorded detailed daily usage information over a two week period. Products were weighed at the start and completion of the study in order to determine the total amount of product used. Statistical analyses of the data were conducted to derive summary distributions of use patterns. The mean and median usage per application, respectively, for the three product types were: facial cleanser, 2.57 g and 2.11 g; hair conditioner, 13.13 g and 10.21 g; and eye shadow, 0.03 g and 0.009 g. The mean and median usage per day for the three product types was: facial cleanser, 4.06 g and 3.25 g; hair conditioner, 13.77 g and 10.62 g; and eye shadow, 0.04 g and 0.010 g. The mean number of applications per day for facial cleanser, hair conditioner, and eye shadow was 1.6, 1.1, and 1.2, respectively. This study provides an estimate of current exposure information for commonly used products which will be useful for risk assessment purposes.
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              Codex Alimentarius

              (1996)
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                Author and article information

                Journal
                inhrr
                Revista del Instituto Nacional de Higiene Rafael Rangel
                INHRR
                Instituto Nacional de Higiene Rafael Rangel (Caracas, DF, Venezuela )
                0798-0477
                June 2014
                : 45
                : 1
                : 31-50
                Affiliations
                [01] orgnameUniversidad Central de Venezuela orgdiv1Facultad de Farmacia orgdiv2Instituto de Investigaciones Farmacéuticas Venezuela
                Article
                S0798-04772014000100003 S0798-0477(14)04500103
                d20f20f5-cf2b-4719-9347-edd88d169320

                http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

                History
                : 28 January 2013
                : 02 April 2014
                Page count
                Figures: 0, Tables: 0, Equations: 0, References: 14, Pages: 20
                Product

                SciELO Venezuela

                Categories
                Artículos Originales

                Cosméticos Ecológicos,Certificación,Natural,Certified,Ecologic Cosmetics

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