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      Improvement of ST Segment Depression by Gradual Recruitment of Collateral Circulation

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          Abstract

          The purpose of the present study was to document that the coronary collateral vessels do not open immediately upon the occurrence of myocardial ischemia. A multistage bicycle exercise was performed to determine a maximal tolerable work load until the onset of angina and significant ST segment depression in 10 patients with well-developed collateral circulation. On a different day, exercise with the maximal tolerable work load was repeated for a comparable exercise duration. In 2 of the 10 patients, anginal pain was gradually alleviated despite the continuation of exercise with fixed work load. The extent of ST segment depression at 3 min of exercise with fixed work load was 0.20 ± 0.10 (SD) mV, significantly (p < 0.05) greater than 0.16 ± 0.08 mV at the end of exercise with fixed work load. In contrast, the rate-pressure product was smaller at 3 min than at the end of exercise with fixed work load (20,900 ± 5,500 vs. 22,700 ± 5,700 mm Hg · beats/min; p < 0.05). In 5 patients without well-developed collateral circulation, the extent of ST depression changed in parallel with changes in rate-pressure product during exercise with fixed work load. Thus, it is concluded that the delayed collateral opening plays a critical role in the pathogenesis of myocardial ischemia in patients with a totally occluded coronary artery.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          CRD
          Cardiology
          10.1159/issn.0008-6312
          Cardiology
          S. Karger AG
          0008-6312
          1421-9751
          1990
          1990
          12 November 2008
          : 77
          : 1
          : 17-24
          Affiliations
          Second Department of Internal Medicine, Toyama Medical and Pharmaceutical University, Toyama, Japan
          Article
          174575 Cardiology 1990;77:17–24
          10.1159/000174575
          2354474
          © 1990 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Pages: 8
          Categories
          Original Paper

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