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      Anterior Optic Neuropathy Associated with Adalimumab

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          Abstract

          Purpose: Our purpose was to report a case of anterior optic neuropathy with pupillary edema in a patient treated with the TNF-α-antagonist adalimumab. Methods: We report the case of a 60-year-old woman with optic neuropathy in 1 eye after 6 months of treatment with adalimumab. Results: The patient developed decreased visual acuity of the left eye. The ocular findings were left optic disc swelling and bleeding at the rim, superior visual field depression in both eyes and left afferent pupillary defect. Adalimumab was discontinued and the visual acuity recovered slowly. Conclusions: Like infliximab, the modern TNF-α antagonist adalimumab is associated with optic neuropathy. Ophthalmologists should thus be alert when seeing patients treated with adalimumab.

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          Most cited references 7

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          Increased risk for demyelinating diseases in patients with inflammatory bowel disease.

          Reports of multiple sclerosis (MS), demyelination, and optic neuritis (ON) associated with anti-tumor necrosis factor alpha therapy resulted in warnings on prescribing instructions for infliximab, etanercept, and adalimumab. However, the underlying relationship between IBD and these neurologic conditions has not been established. We performed a retrospective cohort study and a retrospective cross-sectional study using 1988 to 1997 data from the General Practice Research Database. A total of 7988 Crohn's disease and 12,185 ulcerative colitis patients were matched for age, sex, and primary care practice to 80,666 randomly selected controls. In the cohort study, incident cases of MS, demyelination, and/or ON (MS/D/ON) had to occur at least 1 year after registration with the physician and after the diagnosis of IBD. In the cross-sectional study, the diagnosis of MS/D/ON could either precede or follow the IBD diagnosis. In the cohort study, the incidence of MS/D/ON was higher in patients with Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis compared with their matched controls, reaching statistical significance for ulcerative colitis (ulcerative colitis incidence rate ratio [IRR], 2.63; 95% confidence interval, 1.29-5.15; Crohn's disease IRR, 2.12; 95% confidence interval, .94-4.50). In the cross-sectional study, MS/D/ON was more prevalent in patients with Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis compared with their matched controls (Crohn's disease odds ratio, 1.54; 95% confidence interval, 1.03-2.32; ulcerative colitis odds ratio, 1.75; 95% confidence interval, 1.28-2.39). Demyelinating diseases occur more commonly among patients with IBD than among non-IBD patients. Future studies should clarify whether treatment with tumor necrosis factor alpha blockers results in further increased incidence of MS/D/ON among IBD patients.
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            Systemic rheumatoid vasculitis: a review.

             R Genta,  Cem Gabay (2006)
            To review the most recent information on the incidence, clinical course, pathology, pathogenesis, diagnosis, and treatment of rheumatoid vasculitis (RV), including the still scanty data on the use of biologics. PubMed and MEDLINE databases (1950-2006) were searched for the key words "vasculitis" and "rheumatoid arthritis"; and "rheumatoid arthritis" and "extra-articular manifestations." All relevant articles in English and French were reviewed. Additional words used in follow-up research include "anti-TNF," "rituximab," "IL-1 receptor antagonists," and "CTLA-4 Ig," all in conjunction with "vasculitis." Pertinent secondary references were also retrieved. RV is an inflammatory condition of the small- and medium-sized vessels that affects a subset of patients with established rheumatoid arthritis (RA) (approximately 1 to approximately 5%). It has a vast array of clinical manifestations with a predilection for the skin (peripheral gangrene, deep cutaneous ulcers) and the peripheral nervous system (mononeuritis multiplex). Because of the lack of specific signs and symptoms, the diagnosis relies on the exclusion of other causes of similar lesions (diabetes, atherosclerosis, drug reactions, infection, neoplasias) and, ideally, on the histopathological demonstration of necrotizing vasculitis. Despite the availability of a host of promising new drugs for the treatment of RA, no clinical trials have tested their efficacy in RV; therefore, its management remains largely empirical. Although RV has apparently been decreasing over the last 2 decades, possibly as a consequence of the more energetic approach to the management of RA currently used, it remains an important complication of RA that needs to be promptly recognized and treated.
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              Adalimumab-associated optic neuritis.

              We present, to our knowledge, the first published cases of optic neuritis associated with adalimumab, a medication in the class of anti-tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) antagonists. Approved in recent years by the FDA, adalimumab (Humira, Abbott Laboratories; Abbott Park, IL) is a recombinant monoclonal antibody that targets and blocks the physiologic effects of TNF. Other TNF antagonists have had associations with optic neuritis and demyelinating events.
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                Author and article information

                Journal
                OPH
                Ophthalmologica
                10.1159/issn.0030-3755
                Ophthalmologica
                S. Karger AG
                0030-3755
                1423-0267
                2008
                August 2008
                18 June 2008
                : 222
                : 4
                : 292-294
                Affiliations
                aDepartment of Ophthalmology, Johann Wolfgang Goethe University, Frankfurt am Main, Germany; bCullen Eye Institute, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Tex., USA
                Article
                140257 Ophthalmologica 2008;222:292–294
                10.1159/000140257
                18560250
                © 2008 S. Karger AG, Basel

                Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

                Page count
                Figures: 2, References: 11, Pages: 3
                Categories
                Case Report

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