20
views
0
recommends
+1 Recommend
0 collections
    0
    shares
      • Record: found
      • Abstract: found
      • Article: not found

      Beyond LSD: A Broader Psychedelic Zeitgeist during the Early to Mid-20th Century.

      Read this article at

      ScienceOpenPublisherPubMed
      Bookmark
          There is no author summary for this article yet. Authors can add summaries to their articles on ScienceOpen to make them more accessible to a non-specialist audience.

          Abstract

          During the 1950s and 1960s, there was a tremendous surge in research into the effects of psychedelic drugs. When discussing this period of research, the discovery of the psychoactive properties of LSD in 1943 is often presented as the main, and sometimes only, driving force of the boom in research. This "Great Person," or "Great Chemical," historiographical lens fails to acknowledge other factors that were fundamental in setting the stage for the research. In particular, other psychedelic drugs, such as mescaline, were already being probed for their uses in psychotherapy and as models for psychosis before the effects of LSD had been discovered. Psilocybin and other classical psychedelics had also been discovered by Western researchers around the same time as the synthesis of LSD. Additionally, many of the dominant zeitgeists (e.g., pharmacological, psychoanalytic, and humanistic) in psychology during this period were congruent with psychedelic research. This article argues that while the discovery of LSD may have been a catalyst for psychedelic research in the 1950s and '60s, there was a broader psychedelic zeitgeist that deserves acknowledgement for setting the stage.

          Related collections

          Author and article information

          Journal
          J Psychoactive Drugs
          Journal of psychoactive drugs
          Informa UK Limited
          2159-9777
          0279-1072
          March 7 2019
          : 51
          : 3
          Affiliations
          [1 ] a Department of Psychology, Central Michigan University , Mount Pleasant , MI , USA.
          Article
          10.1080/02791072.2019.1581961
          30836890
          d28522a3-9068-4060-bf29-f38f4c0a9408
          History

          LSD,history of psychology,psychedelic zeitgeist,mescaline,psychedelic drugs,Historiography

          Comments

          Comment on this article