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      O olhar envenenado: a perspectiva das plantas e o xamanismo vegetal jamamadi (médio Purus, AM) Translated title: The poisoned gaze: the perspective of plants and vegetal shamanism of the Jamamadi (Purus, AM) Translated title: La mirada envenenada: la perspectiva de las plantas y el chamanismo vegetal Jamamadi (medio Purus, AM)

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          Abstract

          Resumo Este artigo trata da importância do universo vegetal na sociocosmologia jamamadi. Assumo o xamanismo vegetal como o fio condutor através do qual se revelam o espelhamento e o entrelaçamento entre a vida das plantas e a vida dos humanos em múltiplas dimensões. Com este intuito, abordo a iniciação xamânica, cujo objetivo final é adquirir o noko koma, "o olhar envenenado". Os contornos deste xamanismo se fazem visíveis através da relação com as almas das plantas cultivadas, yamata abono, principais auxiliares que acompanham os pajés na prática terapêutica ou, em outra perspectiva, na guerra mundial. Para a formulação do argumento proponho uma reflexão sobre os limites da categoria biológica "planta" e, por fim, sobre a caracterização do xamanismo amazônico nos termos de uma ideologia venatória, dado que a pregnância das plantas para os Jamamadi propõe questionamentos mais amplos acerca do lugar prático-conceitual atribuído aos animais.

          Translated abstract

          Abstract This article deals with the importance of the universe of plants in Jamamadi cosmology. I take vegetal shamanism to be the guiding thread which reveals the mirroring and interweaving of the life of plants and the life of humans in multiple dimensions. I focus on shamanic initiation, the ultimate goal of which is to acquire the noko koma, "the poisoned gaze". The outlines of this shamanism are made visible through the relationship with the souls of the cultivated plants, yamata abono, the main auxiliaries of shamans in therapeutic practice, or, in another perspective, in the "world war". I propose a reflection on the limits of the biological category "plant" and, finally, on the characterization of Amazonian shamanism in terms of a cynegetic ideology, given that the pregnancy of plants for the Jamamadi invites us to ask broader questions about the practical and conceptual place attributed to animals.

          Translated abstract

          Resumen Este artículo trata de la importancia del universo vegetal en la cosmología jamamadi. Asumo el chamanismo vegetal como el hilo conductor a través del cual se revela el reflejo y el entrelazamiento de la vida de las plantas y la vida de los humanos en múltiples dimensiones. Con este propósito, abordo la iniciación chamánica, cuyo objetivo final es adquirir el noko koma, "la mirada envenenada". Los contornos de este chamanismo se hacen visibles a través de la relación con las almas de las plantas cultivadas, yamata abono, principales auxiliares que acompañan a los pajes en la práctica terapéutica o, en otra perspectiva, en la "guerra mundial". Para la formulación del argumento propongo una reflexión sobre los límites de la categoría biológica "planta" y, por último, sobre la caracterización del chamanismo amazónico en términos de una ideología venatoria, dado que la pregnancia de las plantas para los Jamamadi propone cuestionamientos más amplios acerca del lugar práctico-conceptual atribuido a los animales.

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          Most cited references 19

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          The domestication of Amazonia before European conquest.

          During the twentieth century, Amazonia was widely regarded as relatively pristine nature, little impacted by human history. This view remains popular despite mounting evidence of substantial human influence over millennial scales across the region. Here, we review the evidence of an anthropogenic Amazonia in response to claims of sparse populations across broad portions of the region. Amazonia was a major centre of crop domestication, with at least 83 native species containing populations domesticated to some degree. Plant domestication occurs in domesticated landscapes, including highly modified Amazonian dark earths (ADEs) associated with large settled populations and that may cover greater than 0.1% of the region. Populations and food production expanded rapidly within land management systems in the mid-Holocene, and complex societies expanded in resource-rich areas creating domesticated landscapes with profound impacts on local and regional ecology. ADE food production projections support estimates of at least eight million people in 1492. By this time, highly diverse regional systems had developed across Amazonia where subsistence resources were created with plant and landscape domestication, including earthworks. This review argues that the Amazonian anthrome was no less socio-culturally diverse or populous than other tropical forested areas of the world prior to European conquest.
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            O dois e seu múltiplo: reflexões sobre o perspectivismo em uma cosmologia tupi

             Tânia Lima (1996)
            A partir da caça de porco do mato, este artigo é um ensaio etnográfico sobre uma noção indígena de ponto de vista, aplicada ao campo das relações entre o humano e o animal, na cosmologia de um povo Tupi, os Juruna. Além de revelar a complexidade particular dessas relações, a noção de ponto de vista permite mostrar como a noção de duplo é irredutível à noção de alma, como "natureza" e "sobrenatureza" são efeitos de perspectivas, e como, finalmente, a caça se insere em uma estrutura espaço-temporal bilinear múltipla, evocadora dos "labirintos" que os Juruna desenham na pele.
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              How People Domesticated Amazonian Forests

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                Author and article information

                Contributors
                Role: ND
                Journal
                s_mana
                Mana
                Mana
                Programa de Pós-Graduação em Antropologia Social - PPGAS-Museu Nacional, da Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro - UFRJ (Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil )
                0104-9313
                May 2019
                : 25
                : 1
                : 159-188
                Affiliations
                São Paulo São Paulo orgnameUniversidade de São Paulo Brazil
                Article
                S0104-93132019000100159
                10.1590/1678-49442019v25n1p159

                This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

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                Figures: 0, Tables: 0, Equations: 0, References: 40, Pages: 30
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