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      Social trust in the midst of pandemic crisis: Implications from COVID-19 of South Korea

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          There is no author summary for this article yet. Authors can add summaries to their articles on ScienceOpen to make them more accessible to a non-specialist audience.

          Highlights

          • COVID-19 pandemic crisis is dramatically changing all aspects of human interactions, including social trust.
          • With unique panel data collected amid the COVID-19 in South Korea, we examined changes in social trust toward various social institutions.
          • Trust in society, people, and the government improved, whereas trust in judicature, the press, and religious organizations decreased.
          • Improvement in trust was associated with proactive responses to the pandemic crisis, and failure to do so resulted in the deteriorating trust.
          • This study contributes to the understanding of relations between risk management and social trust with the COVID-19 situation in South Korea.

          Abstract

          This study aims to exploit the situations imposed by the COVID-19 pandemic crisis in South Korea to identify the causal effect of a pandemic crisis and institutional responses on social trust. With unique panel data collected in the course of the COVID-19 in South Korea and the use of individual fixed-effects models, we examined how social trust in various social institutions changed and identified a causal effect of crisis management on social trust. According to the results, trust in South Korean society, people, and the central and local governments improved substantially, whereas trust in judicature, the press, and religious organizations sharply decreased. Improvement in trust in the central and local governments was associated with proactive responses to the pandemic crisis, and failure to take appropriate actions was responsible for the deteriorating trust in religious organizations. These findings illustrate the importance of risk management in trust formation and imply that South Korea may be transforming from a low-trust to a high-trust society.

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          Most cited references 11

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              Is the 1918 Influenza Pandemic Over? Long‐Term Effects ofIn UteroInfluenza Exposure in the Post‐1940 U.S. Population

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                Author and article information

                Contributors
                Journal
                Res Soc Stratif Mobil
                Res Soc Stratif Mobil
                Research in Social Stratification and Mobility
                Elsevier Ltd.
                0276-5624
                0276-5624
                18 June 2020
                August 2020
                18 June 2020
                : 68
                : 100523
                Affiliations
                [a ]Department of Sociology, Kookmin University, 77 Jeongneung-ro, Seongbuk-gu, Seoul, 02707, South Korea
                [b ]Department of Sociology, Chungnam National University, 99 Daehak-ro, Yuseong-gu, Daejeon, 34134, South Korea
                Author notes
                [* ]Corresponding author. sunjaeh@ 123456gmail.com
                Article
                S0276-5624(20)30059-7 100523
                10.1016/j.rssm.2020.100523
                7301785
                © 2020 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

                Since January 2020 Elsevier has created a COVID-19 resource centre with free information in English and Mandarin on the novel coronavirus COVID-19. The COVID-19 resource centre is hosted on Elsevier Connect, the company's public news and information website. Elsevier hereby grants permission to make all its COVID-19-related research that is available on the COVID-19 resource centre - including this research content - immediately available in PubMed Central and other publicly funded repositories, such as the WHO COVID database with rights for unrestricted research re-use and analyses in any form or by any means with acknowledgement of the original source. These permissions are granted for free by Elsevier for as long as the COVID-19 resource centre remains active.

                Categories
                Article

                south korea, risk management, social trust, covid-19

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