Pyogenic granuloma (PG) is a reactive connective tissue disorder with female predilection, which exhibits a tumor-like mass with occasional bleeding and superficial ulceration. It most commonly occurs in the maxillary gingiva followed by the mandibular gingiva. It can also occur in extra gingival sites like buccal mucosa, labial mucosa, and palate. There are two histopathological types of PG, namely, a lobular capillary hemangioma (LCH) variant and a non-LCH variant.
The various management methods include surgical resection or laser excision along with deep curettage, and there are various nonsurgical methods like local steroid injection, topical administration of various drugs, and sclerotherapy. During the surgical excision, there is a risk of bleeding, and the surgeon should be equipped for the same. The PG (both LCH and non-LCH variant) has an increased chance of recurrence because of which complete excision is mandatory along with the removal of the local irritants.
In this case report, a 28-year-old female patient reported recurrent painless swelling in the lower front gums for the past nine months.
The surgical excision was done in-toto along with the removal of local irritants (calculus). The swelling was sent for histopathological examination. The patient was kept on regular follow-ups.
The patient was followed up continuously for nine months. The swelling did not recur after the excision.
Hence, it was concluded that complete excision and removal of local irritants are extremely crucial to prevent a recurrence.