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      Comparison between Human Umbilical Artery and Rabbit Abdominal Aorta as Substrata for Platelet Adhesion and Platelet Thrombus Formation under Flow Conditions

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          Abstract

          Rabbit abdominal aortas and human umbilical arteries are currently used as substrata for the study of platelet adhesion and aggregate formation under flow conditions. Using immunohistochemical and ultrastructural methods, we have analyzed both vessel surfaces. The reactivity towards platelets of the subendothelium (SE) exposed on these vessels after mechanical or enzymatic digestion (α-chymotrypsin) was morphometrically quantified and the nature of the interaction studied in the electron microscope. After mechanical damage, the ultrastructural study of rabbit aortas showed a clearly defined internal elastic lamina (IEL). In contrast, umbilical vessels lacked a consistent IEL and masses of amorphous material often located deeper in the media were the main constitutents of the SE. Immunohistochemical labeling of the von Willebrand factor bound to both types of vessel differed considerably. Quantification of platelet interactions after perfusion of citrated blood showed qualitative differences between mechanically damaged rabbit or human vessels. Enzymatic digestion produced a more thrombogenic surface on rabbit aortas (p < 0.01 vs. nondigested), but decreased their reactivity towards platelets on umbilical arteries (p < 0.01 vs. nondigested). The ultrastructural study of the interacting platelets revealed that aggregates, when present, were found on the extracellular matrix underlying endothelial cells of rabbit aortas, but interacting with fibrillar structures probably derived from cell elements of the media in the case of umbilical arteries. These findings indicate that rabbit aortas and umbilical arteries possess structural characteristics that result in different thrombogenic properties with respect to circulating platelets.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          JVR
          J Vasc Res
          10.1159/issn.1018-1172
          Journal of Vascular Research
          S. Karger AG
          1018-1172
          1423-0135
          1991
          1991
          23 September 2008
          : 28
          : 6
          : 520-531
          Affiliations
          Servicio de Hemoterapía y Hemostasía, Hospital Clinic i Provincial, Barcelona, Spain
          Article
          158898 Blood Vessels 1991;28:520–531
          10.1159/000158898
          © 1991 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Pages: 12
          Categories
          Research Paper

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