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      A Sociological Analysis of Road Accidents among Teenagers Motor Bike Riders in District Dir Lower, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa

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      Clinical Social Work and Health Intervention

      Journal of Clinical Social Work and Health Intervention

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          Abstract

          Road accidents in general and among motor bike riders in particular are one of the growing health issues these days in Pakistan. Road accidents are a global concern, but the situation has become worsened particularly in Pakistan. It is an unfortunate fact that the issue is not given as much importance as the issue persists. In road crash accidents, Pakistan stands 1st in Asia and 48th in the world, while the metropolitan city of Pakistan, Karachi is ranked as fourth in the list. Continuous fatal crashes among teenagers motor bike riders results in numerable deaths and injuries in Pakistan. Regular movement of military freight, rapid urbanization, excessive motorization, and congestion, increased the risks to road traffic users. The current study was carried out in District Dir Lower, province of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. Primary data was collected from 30 respondents conveniently selected, including casualty staff of DHQ Timergara, THQ Chakdara, THQ Shamshi Khan Talash, parents, teenage motor bike riders, and traffic police inspectors. The collected data was qualitatively and thematically analyzed in order to clarify the issue under study. The study concluded that multiple social, economic and cultural factors contribute to road accidents among teenagers motor bike riders. The study also forwarded some suggestions.

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          Impact of mobile phone use on car-following behaviour of young drivers.

          Multitasking, such as the concurrent use of a mobile phone and operating a motor vehicle, is a significant distraction that impairs driving performance and is becoming a leading cause of motor vehicle crashes. This study investigates the impact of mobile phone conversations on car-following behaviour. The CARRS-Q Advanced Driving Simulator was used to test a group of young Australian drivers aged 18-26 years on a car-following task in three randomised phone conditions: baseline (no phone conversation), hands-free and handheld. Repeated measure ANOVA was applied to examine the effect of mobile phone distraction on selected car-following variables such as driving speed, spacing, and time headway. Overall, drivers tended to select slower driving speeds, larger vehicle spacings, and longer time headways when they were engaged in either hands-free or handheld phone conversations, suggesting possible risk compensatory behaviour. In addition, phone conversations while driving influenced car-following behaviour such that variability was increased in driving speeds, vehicle spacings, and acceleration and decelerations. To further investigate car-following behaviour of distracted drivers, driver time headways were modelled using Generalized Estimation Equation (GEE). After controlling for various exogenous factors, the model predicts an increase of 0.33s in time headway when a driver is engaged in hands-free phone conversation and a 0.75s increase for handheld phone conversation. The findings will improve the collective understanding of distraction on driving performance, in particular car following behaviour which is most critical in the determination of rear-end crashes.
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            Adolescent developmental antecedents of risky driving among young adults.

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              Aggressive behavior while driving as predictor of self-reported car crashes.

              In Greece, there is a lack of scientific evidence on the relationship between aggressive behavior while driving and young drivers' involvement in car crashes; this study examined this potential relationship.
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                Author and article information

                Journal
                Clinical Social Work and Health Intervention
                cswhi
                Journal of Clinical Social Work and Health Intervention
                2222386X
                20769741
                March 30 2019
                March 18 2019
                March 30 2019
                March 18 2019
                : 10
                : 1
                : 64-74
                Article
                10.22359/cswhi_10_1_10
                d321c3ac-2d88-4a7d-b31b-1b9aebbbcbfd
                © 2019

                This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 Unported License. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

                Psychology, Social & Behavioral Sciences

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