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      The Outer Membrane Protein I of Pseudomonas aeruginosa PAO1, a Possible Pollutant of Dialysate in Hemodialysis, Induces Cytokines in Mouse Bone Marrow Cells

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          Abstract

          The finding of outer membrane protein I (OprI) of Pseudomonas aeruginosa in hemodialyzers used by patients with end-stage renal failure led us to study the possible role of OprI as cytokine inducer. However, there are few reports on the biological activity of OprI, because it is difficult to obtain highly purified OprI. In this study, we attempt to establish a procedure for the efficient purification of OprI, which does not include lipopolysaccharide, from the bacterial culture broth, not hemodialyzers, to demonstrate that OprI is a potent cytokine inducer. From bacterial culture broth (1 liter), P. aeruginosa PAO1, which was confirmed previously by the sequence coding, was separated by centrifugation, high-performance liquid chromatography, and disk electrophoresis. Mouse bone marrow cells were stimulated by purified OprI, and the supernatants of the culture were analyzed by several enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay kits. The tumor necrosis factor alpha production stimulated by purified OprI was confirmed and degraded within 24 h. Furthermore, interleukin (IL) 1α, IL-1β, IL-6, and granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor were also induced by OprI despite the absence of lipopolysaccharide. We conclude that OprI has the potential to induce tumor necrosis factor alpha production in mouse bone marrow cells and that tumor necrosis factor alpha contributes to the induction of inflammatory cytokines, namely IL-1α, IL-1β, IL-6, and granulocyte/macrophage colony-stimulating factor, while lipopolysaccharide has little effect on these cells. These results suggest the presence of a pathway of inflammatory signal transduction triggered by OprI. In addition, OprI is possibly one of the harmful dialysate pollutants in hemodialysis patients besides the well-known lipopolysaccharide.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          NEF
          Nephron
          10.1159/issn.1660-8151
          Nephron
          S. Karger AG
          1660-8151
          2235-3186
          1999
          August 1999
          04 August 1999
          : 82
          : 4
          : 324-330
          Affiliations
          aInstitute of Basic Medical Sciences and b Department of Internal Medicine, Institute of Clinical Medicine, University of Tsukuba, Tsukuba City, cEisai Tsukuba Research Laboratories, Eisai Co. Ltd., Tsukuba City, Japan
          Article
          45447 Nephron 1999;82:324–330
          10.1159/000045447
          10450034
          © 1999 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Figures: 4, References: 19, Pages: 7
          Product
          Self URI (application/pdf): https://www.karger.com/Article/Pdf/45447
          Categories
          Original Paper

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