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Myopia – A 21st Century Public Health Issue

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      Global Prevalence of Myopia and High Myopia and Temporal Trends from 2000 through 2050.

      Myopia is a common cause of vision loss, with uncorrected myopia the leading cause of distance vision impairment globally. Individual studies show variations in the prevalence of myopia and high myopia between regions and ethnic groups, and there continues to be uncertainty regarding increasing prevalence of myopia.

        Author and article information

        [1 ]Brien Holden Vision Institute and School of Optometry and Vision Science, University of New South Wales, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
        [2 ]Department of Ophthalmology, Medical Faculty Mannheim of the Ruprecht-Karis-University Heidelberg, Mannheim, Germany
        [3 ]Dana Center for Preventive Ophthalmology, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland, United States
        [4 ]Centre for Eye Research Australia; Ophthalmology, Department of Surgery, University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Australia
        [5 ]University of Alabama at Birmingham, School of Optometry, Birmingham, Alabama, United States
        [6 ]Tokyo Medical and Dental University, Tokyo, Japan
        [7 ]College of Optometry, University of Houston, Houston, Texas, United States
        [8 ]Berkeley Myopia Research Group, School of Optometry & Vision Science Program, University of California Berkeley, Berkeley, California, United States
        [9 ]Melbourne Laureate Professor and Chair of Indigenous Eye Health, University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
        [10 ]Ophthalmic Research Group, Aston University, Birmingham, United Kingdom
        [11 ]Singapore Eye Research Institute, Singapore National Eye Center, Duke-NUS Medical School, National University of Singapore, Singapore
        Author notes
        Correspondence: Serge Resnikoff, Brien Holden Vision Institute, UNSW School of Optometry and Vision Science, UNSW level 4, RMB North Wing, Gate 14, Barker Street, Sydney, NSW 2052, Australia; s.resnikoff@ .
        Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci
        Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci
        Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci
        Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
        The Association for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology
        February 2019
        : 60
        : 3
        : Mi-Mii
        iovs-60-03-05 IOVS-18-25983
        Copyright 2019 The Authors

        This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.



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