In the last 10–15 years, Open Access has become a shared vision of many if not most
of the world’s national and international research councils. Open Access as a principle
is very well established in the international discourse on research policies; however,
Open Access as a practice has yet to transform the traditional subscription-based
publishing system, which is as vigorous and prosperous as ever, despite its inherent
restrictions on access and usage and its remarkable detachment from the potentials
of a 21st century web-based publishing system. OA2020 is a transformative initiative
trying to bring a new approach to the transactional side of the publishing system
and the ways in which its cash flow is organized. Publishing and financial data are
brought together in a way to demonstrate that such a switch would indeed be feasible.
OA2020 lays out the path for how this transformation could happen so that Open Access
to research results would finally be a reality from the moment of their publication.